Data

Human fatalities in Vanuatu after eating the xanthid crab, Daira perlata

Australian Institute of Marine Science
Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://geo.aims.gov.au/geonetwork/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=3c705441-04aa-43f2-9338-78a8254449f0&rft.title=Human fatalities in Vanuatu after eating the xanthid crab, Daira perlata&rft.identifier=http://geo.aims.gov.au/geonetwork/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=3c705441-04aa-43f2-9338-78a8254449f0&rft.publisher=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)&rft.description=This was the first case of the crab species, Daira perlata, being inplicated in toxic poisoning. Autopsies were not carried out on the two teenagers who died in 2000 after consuming a meal containing the crab, Daira perlata. Because it was not possible to test for toxicity at the hospital on Tanna Island, the remains of the crab from the meal were sent to the Australian Institute of Marine Science for testing. As these remains had been preserved in formalin which hinders subsequent toxin analysis, 4 specimens of the crab species were collected from the same location (Lenawha Reef) in the fortnight after the poisonings and analysed for toxins using 2 specific and sensitive binding assays but no toxin was detected. Three toxins are known to occur in crabs, saxitoxin, tetrodotoxin and palytoxin (assays available at the time do not detect palytoxin). To use sodium channel and saxiphilin receptor assays to see if paralytic shellfish toxins could be identified in this species of crab involved in human fatalities. Crabs are known to bioaccumulate toxins from the environment.Maintenance and Update Frequency: notPlanned&rft.creator=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) &rft.date=2024&rft.coverage=westlimit=169.26472; southlimit=-19.535; eastlimit=169.26472; northlimit=-19.535&rft.coverage=westlimit=169.26472; southlimit=-19.535; eastlimit=169.26472; northlimit=-19.535&rft_rights= http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/&rft_rights=http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/3.0/au/88x31.png&rft_rights=WWW:LINK-1.0-http--related&rft_rights=License Graphic&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Australia License&rft_rights=http://creativecommons.org/international/au/&rft_rights=WWW:LINK-1.0-http--related&rft_rights=WWW:LINK-1.0-http--related&rft_rights=License Text&rft_rights=Use Limitation: All AIMS data, products and services are provided as is and AIMS does not warrant their fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. While AIMS has made every reasonable effort to ensure high quality of the data, products and services, to the extent permitted by law the data, products and services are provided without any warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including without limitation any implied warranties of title, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. AIMS make no representation or warranty that the data, products and services are accurate, complete, reliable or current. To the extent permitted by law, AIMS exclude all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from the use of the data, products and services.&rft_rights=Attribution: Format for citation of metadata sourced from Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) in a list of reference is as follows: Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2009). Human fatalities in Vanuatu after eating the xanthid crab, Daira perlata. https://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/3c705441-04aa-43f2-9338-78a8254449f0, accessed[date-of-access].&rft_rights=Resource Usage:Use of the AIMS data is for not-for-profit applications only. All other users shall seek permission for use by contacting AIMS. Acknowledgements as prescribed must be clearly set out in the user's formal communications or publications.&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Australia License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au&rft_subject=oceans&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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License Text

Use Limitation: All AIMS data, products and services are provided "as is" and AIMS does not warrant their fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. While AIMS has made every reasonable effort to ensure high quality of the data, products and services, to the extent permitted by law the data, products and services are provided without any warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including without limitation any implied warranties of title, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. AIMS make no representation or warranty that the data, products and services are accurate, complete, reliable or current. To the extent permitted by law, AIMS exclude all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from the use of the data, products and services.

Attribution: Format for citation of metadata sourced from Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) in a list of reference is as follows: "Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2009). Human fatalities in Vanuatu after eating the xanthid crab, Daira perlata. https://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/3c705441-04aa-43f2-9338-78a8254449f0, accessed[date-of-access]".

Resource Usage:Use of the AIMS data is for not-for-profit applications only. All other users shall seek permission for use by contacting AIMS. Acknowledgements as prescribed must be clearly set out in the user's formal communications or publications.

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Contact Information

adc@aims.gov.au

Brief description

This was the first case of the crab species, Daira perlata, being inplicated in toxic poisoning. Autopsies were not carried out on the two teenagers who died in 2000 after consuming a meal containing the crab, Daira perlata. Because it was not possible to test for toxicity at the hospital on Tanna Island, the remains of the crab from the meal were sent to the Australian Institute of Marine Science for testing. As these remains had been preserved in formalin which hinders subsequent toxin analysis, 4 specimens of the crab species were collected from the same location (Lenawha Reef) in the fortnight after the poisonings and analysed for toxins using 2 specific and sensitive binding assays but no toxin was detected. Three toxins are known to occur in crabs, saxitoxin, tetrodotoxin and palytoxin (assays available at the time do not detect palytoxin).
To use sodium channel and saxiphilin receptor assays to see if paralytic shellfish toxins could be identified in this species of crab involved in human fatalities.
Crabs are known to bioaccumulate toxins from the environment.

Lineage

Maintenance and Update Frequency: notPlanned

Notes

Credit
Llewellyn, Lyndon E, Dr (Principal Investigator)

Modified: 12 03 2024

This dataset is part of a larger collection

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169.26472,-19.535

169.26472,-19.535

text: westlimit=169.26472; southlimit=-19.535; eastlimit=169.26472; northlimit=-19.535

Subjects
oceans |

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Other Information
Human fatalities in Vanuatu after eating a crab, Daira perlata: Llewellyn LE (2001) Human fatalities in Vanuatu after eating a crab, Daira perlata. Medical Journal of Australia 175:343-344.

local : articleId=5764

Background information on crab toxicity

uri : http://www.aims.gov.au/pages/about/communications/backgrounders/20020905-killer-crabs.html

Identifiers
  • global : 3c705441-04aa-43f2-9338-78a8254449f0