Data

Corals and coral communities of Lord Howe Island, Australia

Australian Institute of Marine Science
Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://geo.aims.gov.au/geonetwork/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=52bd4235-7461-47eb-a607-11cdbf93cd9f&rft.title=Corals and coral communities of Lord Howe Island, Australia&rft.identifier=http://geo.aims.gov.au/geonetwork/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=52bd4235-7461-47eb-a607-11cdbf93cd9f&rft.publisher=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)&rft.description=Ecological and taxonomic surveys of hermatypic scleractinian corals were carried out at approximately 100 sites around Lord Howe Island. Sixty-six of these sites were located on reefs in the lagoon, which extends for two-thirds of the length of the island on the western side. Each survey site consisted of a section of reef surface, which appeared to be topographically and faunistically homogeneous. The dimensions of the sites surveyed were generally of the order of 20m by 20m. Where possible, sites were arranged contiguously along a band up the reef slope and across the flat. The cover of each species was graded on a five-point scale of percentage relative cover. Other site attributes recorded were depth (minimum and maximum corrected to datum), slope (estimated), substrate type, total estimated cover of soft coral and algae (macroscopic and encrusting coralline). Coral data from the lagoon and its reef (66 sites) were used to define a small number of site groups which characterize most of this area.Throughout the survey, corals of taxonomic interest or difficulty were collected, and an extensive photographic record was made to augment survey data. A collection of the full range of form of all coral species was made during the survey and an identified reference series was deposited in the Australian Museum.In addition, less detailed descriptive data pertaining to coral communities and topography were recorded on 12 reconnaissance transects, the authors recording changes seen while being towed behind a boat. The purpose of this study was to describe the corals of Lord Howe Island (the southernmost Indo-Pacific reef) at species and community level using methods that would allow differentiation of community types and allow comparisons with coral communities in other geographic locations.Maintenance and Update Frequency: notPlannedStatement: Statement: The taxonomic references used for coral species identification during this survey were:Veron JEN, Pichon M (1976) Scleractinia of eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae. Aust. Inst. Mar. Sci. Monogr. Ser. 1, 1-86.Veron JEN, Pichon M (1979) Scleractinia of eastern Australia. Part III. Families Agaraciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Meruliniidae, Mussidae, Pectiniidae, Caryophylliidae. Dendrophyllidae. Aust. Inst. Mar. Sci. Monogr. Ser. 4.Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M (1977) Scleractinia of eastern Australia. Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphyllidae. Aust. Inst. Mar. Sci. Monogr. Ser. 3, 1-233.Wallace C (1978) The coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) in the central and southern Great Barrier Reef Province. Mem. Queensl. Mus. 8(2), 273-319.Study Sites:The position of dives could be accurately determined from aerial photographs and aerial photographic maps were used extensively throughout the study, especially for a detailed survey of the lagoon and reef (for which a colour series was found to give stereoscopic resolution to depths of 20m).Relative cover grades:The grades of estimated relative cover used in this survey were based on:Done TJ (1977) A comparison of units of cover in ecological classifications of coral communities. Proc. 3rd lnt. Coral Reef Symp. pp. 9-13.Percentage relative cover (rc) is given byrc = cover of the species ÷ total scleractinian cover x 100.The grades used were: 0 - 0% rc1 - 2 - 6-10% rc3 - 11-30% rc4 - 31-80% rc5 - >80% rc&rft.creator=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) &rft.date=2024&rft.coverage=westlimit=159.020686; southlimit=-31.605939; eastlimit=159.117767; northlimit=-31.482586&rft.coverage=westlimit=159.020686; southlimit=-31.605939; eastlimit=159.117767; northlimit=-31.482586&rft_rights= http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/&rft_rights=http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/3.0/au/88x31.png&rft_rights=WWW:LINK-1.0-http--related&rft_rights=License Graphic&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Australia License&rft_rights=http://creativecommons.org/international/au/&rft_rights=WWW:LINK-1.0-http--related&rft_rights=WWW:LINK-1.0-http--related&rft_rights=License Text&rft_rights=Use Limitation: All AIMS data, products and services are provided as is and AIMS does not warrant their fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. While AIMS has made every reasonable effort to ensure high quality of the data, products and services, to the extent permitted by law the data, products and services are provided without any warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including without limitation any implied warranties of title, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. AIMS make no representation or warranty that the data, products and services are accurate, complete, reliable or current. To the extent permitted by law, AIMS exclude all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from the use of the data, products and services.&rft_rights=Attribution: Format for citation of metadata sourced from Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) in a list of reference is as follows: Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2009). Corals and coral communities of Lord Howe Island, Australia. https://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/52bd4235-7461-47eb-a607-11cdbf93cd9f, accessed[date-of-access].&rft_rights=Resource Usage:Use of the AIMS data is for not-for-profit applications only. All other users shall seek permission for use by contacting AIMS. Acknowledgements as prescribed must be clearly set out in the user's formal communications or publications.&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Australia License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au&rft_subject=oceans&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Use Limitation: All AIMS data, products and services are provided "as is" and AIMS does not warrant their fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. While AIMS has made every reasonable effort to ensure high quality of the data, products and services, to the extent permitted by law the data, products and services are provided without any warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including without limitation any implied warranties of title, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. AIMS make no representation or warranty that the data, products and services are accurate, complete, reliable or current. To the extent permitted by law, AIMS exclude all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from the use of the data, products and services.

Attribution: Format for citation of metadata sourced from Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) in a list of reference is as follows: "Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2009). Corals and coral communities of Lord Howe Island, Australia. https://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/52bd4235-7461-47eb-a607-11cdbf93cd9f, accessed[date-of-access]".

Resource Usage:Use of the AIMS data is for not-for-profit applications only. All other users shall seek permission for use by contacting AIMS. Acknowledgements as prescribed must be clearly set out in the user's formal communications or publications.

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Contact Information

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Brief description

Ecological and taxonomic surveys of hermatypic scleractinian corals were carried out at approximately 100 sites around Lord Howe Island. Sixty-six of these sites were located on reefs in the lagoon, which extends for two-thirds of the length of the island on the western side. Each survey site consisted of a section of reef surface, which appeared to be topographically and faunistically homogeneous. The dimensions of the sites surveyed were generally of the order of 20m by 20m. Where possible, sites were arranged contiguously along a band up the reef slope and across the flat. The cover of each species was graded on a five-point scale of percentage relative cover. Other site attributes recorded were depth (minimum and maximum corrected to datum), slope (estimated), substrate type, total estimated cover of soft coral and algae (macroscopic and encrusting coralline). Coral data from the lagoon and its reef (66 sites) were used to define a small number of site groups which characterize most of this area.Throughout the survey, corals of taxonomic interest or difficulty were collected, and an extensive photographic record was made to augment survey data. A collection of the full range of form of all coral species was made during the survey and an identified reference series was deposited in the Australian Museum.In addition, less detailed descriptive data pertaining to coral communities and topography were recorded on 12 reconnaissance transects, the authors recording changes seen while being towed behind a boat.
The purpose of this study was to describe the corals of Lord Howe Island (the southernmost Indo-Pacific reef) at species and community level using methods that would allow differentiation of community types and allow comparisons with coral communities in other geographic locations.

Lineage

Maintenance and Update Frequency: notPlanned
Statement: Statement: The taxonomic references used for coral species identification during this survey were:Veron JEN, Pichon M (1976) Scleractinia of eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae. Aust. Inst. Mar. Sci. Monogr. Ser. 1, 1-86.Veron JEN, Pichon M (1979) Scleractinia of eastern Australia. Part III. Families Agaraciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Meruliniidae, Mussidae, Pectiniidae, Caryophylliidae. Dendrophyllidae. Aust. Inst. Mar. Sci. Monogr. Ser. 4.Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M (1977) Scleractinia of eastern Australia. Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphyllidae. Aust. Inst. Mar. Sci. Monogr. Ser. 3, 1-233.Wallace C (1978) The coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) in the central and southern Great Barrier Reef Province. Mem. Queensl. Mus. 8(2), 273-319.Study Sites:The position of dives could be accurately determined from aerial photographs and aerial photographic maps were used extensively throughout the study, especially for a detailed survey of the lagoon and reef (for which a colour series was found to give stereoscopic resolution to depths of 20m).Relative cover grades:The grades of estimated relative cover used in this survey were based on:Done TJ (1977) A comparison of units of cover in ecological classifications of coral communities. Proc. 3rd lnt. Coral Reef Symp. pp. 9-13.Percentage relative cover (rc) is given byrc = cover of the species ÷ total scleractinian cover x 100.The grades used were: 0 - 0% rc1 - 2 - 6-10% rc3 - 11-30% rc4 - 31-80% rc5 - >80% rc

Notes

Credit
Veron, JEN (Charlie), Dr (Principal Investigator)

Modified: 14 07 2024

This dataset is part of a larger collection

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159.11777,-31.48259 159.11777,-31.60594 159.02069,-31.60594 159.02069,-31.48259 159.11777,-31.48259

159.0692265,-31.5442625

text: westlimit=159.020686; southlimit=-31.605939; eastlimit=159.117767; northlimit=-31.482586

Subjects
oceans |

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Other Information
Corals and coral communities of Lord Howe Island: Veron JEN and Done TJ (1979) Corals and coral communities of Lord Howe Island. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 30: 203-236.

local : articleId=1906

Identifiers
  • global : 52bd4235-7461-47eb-a607-11cdbf93cd9f