Dataset

Competition between corals and algal turf along a water quality gradient in the nearshore central Great Barrier Reef

Australian Institute of Marine Science
Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/65996fd2-d738-4113-831f-e5de55f968cc&rft.title=Competition between corals and algal turf along a water quality gradient in the nearshore central Great Barrier Reef&rft.identifier=http://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/65996fd2-d738-4113-831f-e5de55f968cc&rft.publisher=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)&rft.description=The three sites chosen to study competition between algal turfs and coral were located on the reef slope of the fringing reefs at Goold Island, and Coolgaree Bay and Cannon Bay on Great Palm Island. The sites were chosen to represent a cross-shelf gradient in exposure to runoff from the Herbert River. Goold Island, north of the Herbert River, lies directly in the path of flood plumes, which generally move northward. Palm Island, south of the Herbert River is further offshore and rarely exposed to river runoff. The two sites on Great Palm Island differed in that Coolgaree Bay is on the sheltered, inshore side of the island and Cannon Bay is more exposed to offshore waters. \n \nIn October 1996, twelve 13 x 19 cm quadrats, selected to include a direct boundary between turf algae and coral (Porites lobata) were marked out at each reef. The quadrats were photographed and then four quadrats were randomly assigned to each of three treatments. In the first treatment algae was removed from the quadrat using a wire brush and paint scraper without damaging the coral tissue along the boundary. The second treatment involved scraping the top layer of the tissue and mucus of the coral, but not completely removing the living coral tissue. The third treatment was the control and no manipulation occurred. Quadrats were photographed again after 7 months. \n \nThe position of the boundary between algae and coral were traced from the initial and final photograph of each quadrat onto plastic film. The tracings were overlapped and a further tracing made of areas along the boundary that had changed. The tracings were scanned and the area of algae and coral was measured using image analysis software. \n \nQuantitative water quality data was collected for this study in October 1998. Dissolved inorganic and total nitrogen and phosphorus, chlorophyll a, suspended particulate matter, turbidity and salinity were measured. A longer term data set was achieved by combining these data with similar data collected from the same sites during various surveys since 1992.\n This research was undertaken to determine: \n1. whether corals and filamentous algal turfs were directly competing for space on reefs \n2. whether the outcome of competition was enhanced by increased availability of nutrients and sediments due to closer proximity to terrestrial sources.\nStatement: Quadrats were photographed using a Nikonos V camera with a 35 mm lens and close-up filter and frame. \n \nThe area of algae and coral was measured using NIH Image 1.47 software. \n \nWater samples from October 1998 were collected midway between the substrate and surface (approximately 1.5-3 m depending on tide). \n \nDissolved nutrient concentrations were measured on six replicate samples of filtered (0.45 µm Sartorius Minisart) water, which was frozen after collection. Water was later analysed using a Skalar segmented flow autoanalyser as described in: \nRyle VD, Meuller HR and Gentien P (1981) Automated analysis of nutrients in tropical seawaters. Australian Institute of Marine Science. \n \nTotal dissolved nutrients were measured similarly after UV photo-oxidation for 8 hours. \n \nChlorophyll a fluorescence was measured on six replicate 250 ml samples filtered onto pre-combusted Whatman GF/F glass-fibre filters. \n \nSuspended particulate matter was measured on 3 replicate 1 litre samples filtered onto pre-weighed Nucleopore polycarbonate filters (0.4 µm) and dried at 60°C. \n \nSalinity was measured on duplicate samples of unfiltered water. \n \nTurbidity was measured as secchi depth and a single measurement was made at each reef. \n&rft.creator=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) &rft.date=2011&rft.relation=http://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=5843&rft.relation=http://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=5730&rft.coverage=northlimit=-18.181667; southlimit=-18.181667; westlimit=146.17; eastLimit=146.17&rft.coverage=northlimit=-18.181667; southlimit=-18.181667; westlimit=146.17; eastLimit=146.17&rft.coverage=northlimit=-18.693333; southlimit=-18.693333; westlimit=146.573333; eastLimit=146.573333&rft.coverage=northlimit=-18.693333; southlimit=-18.693333; westlimit=146.573333; eastLimit=146.573333&rft.coverage=northlimit=-18.685; southlimit=-18.685; westlimit=146.585; eastLimit=146.585&rft.coverage=northlimit=-18.685; southlimit=-18.685; westlimit=146.585; eastLimit=146.585&rft_rights=Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Australia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/&rft_rights=Format for citation of metadata sourced from Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) in a list of reference is as follows: Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2011), Competition between corals and algal turf along a water quality gradient in the nearshore central Great Barrier Reef, https://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/65996fd2-d738-4113-831f-e5de55f968cc, accessed[date-of-access].&rft_subject=oceans&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Non-Commercial Licence view details
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Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Australia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/

Format for citation of metadata sourced from Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) in a list of reference is as follows: "Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). (2011), Competition between corals and algal turf along a water quality gradient in the nearshore central Great Barrier Reef, https://apps.aims.gov.au/metadata/view/65996fd2-d738-4113-831f-e5de55f968cc, accessed[date-of-access]".

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Brief description

The three sites chosen to study competition between algal turfs and coral were located on the reef slope of the fringing reefs at Goold Island, and Coolgaree Bay and Cannon Bay on Great Palm Island. The sites were chosen to represent a cross-shelf gradient in exposure to runoff from the Herbert River. Goold Island, north of the Herbert River, lies directly in the path of flood plumes, which generally move northward. Palm Island, south of the Herbert River is further offshore and rarely exposed to river runoff. The two sites on Great Palm Island differed in that Coolgaree Bay is on the sheltered, inshore side of the island and Cannon Bay is more exposed to offshore waters. \n \nIn October 1996, twelve 13 x 19 cm quadrats, selected to include a direct boundary between turf algae and coral (Porites lobata) were marked out at each reef. The quadrats were photographed and then four quadrats were randomly assigned to each of three treatments. In the first treatment algae was removed from the quadrat using a wire brush and paint scraper without damaging the coral tissue along the boundary. The second treatment involved scraping the top layer of the tissue and mucus of the coral, but not completely removing the living coral tissue. The third treatment was the control and no manipulation occurred. Quadrats were photographed again after 7 months. \n \nThe position of the boundary between algae and coral were traced from the initial and final photograph of each quadrat onto plastic film. The tracings were overlapped and a further tracing made of areas along the boundary that had changed. The tracings were scanned and the area of algae and coral was measured using image analysis software. \n \nQuantitative water quality data was collected for this study in October 1998. Dissolved inorganic and total nitrogen and phosphorus, chlorophyll a, suspended particulate matter, turbidity and salinity were measured. A longer term data set was achieved by combining these data with similar data collected from the same sites during various surveys since 1992.\n This research was undertaken to determine: \n1. whether corals and filamentous algal turfs were directly competing for space on reefs \n2. whether the outcome of competition was enhanced by increased availability of nutrients and sediments due to closer proximity to terrestrial sources.\n

Notes

McCook, Laurence J, Dr (Principal Investigator)

Lineage

Statement: Quadrats were photographed using a Nikonos V camera with a 35 mm lens and close-up filter and frame. \n \nThe area of algae and coral was measured using NIH Image 1.47 software. \n \nWater samples from October 1998 were collected midway between the substrate and surface (approximately 1.5-3 m depending on tide). \n \nDissolved nutrient concentrations were measured on six replicate samples of filtered (0.45 µm Sartorius Minisart) water, which was frozen after collection. Water was later analysed using a Skalar segmented flow autoanalyser as described in: \nRyle VD, Meuller HR and Gentien P (1981) Automated analysis of nutrients in tropical seawaters. Australian Institute of Marine Science. \n \nTotal dissolved nutrients were measured similarly after UV photo-oxidation for 8 hours. \n \nChlorophyll a fluorescence was measured on six replicate 250 ml samples filtered onto pre-combusted Whatman GF/F glass-fibre filters. \n \nSuspended particulate matter was measured on 3 replicate 1 litre samples filtered onto pre-weighed Nucleopore polycarbonate filters (0.4 µm) and dried at 60°C. \n \nSalinity was measured on duplicate samples of unfiltered water. \n \nTurbidity was measured as secchi depth and a single measurement was made at each reef. \n

Modified: 20200430

Data time period: 1996-10-17 to 1998-10-31

Click to explore relationships graph

146.17,-18.181667

146.17,-18.181667

146.573333,-18.693333

146.573333,-18.693333

146.585,-18.685

146.585,-18.685

text: northlimit=-18.181667; southlimit=-18.181667; westlimit=146.17; eastLimit=146.17

text: northlimit=-18.693333; southlimit=-18.693333; westlimit=146.573333; eastLimit=146.573333

text: northlimit=-18.685; southlimit=-18.685; westlimit=146.585; eastLimit=146.585

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oceans |

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