In vivo tissue engineering of adipose tissue for reconstructive surgery [ 2004 - 2006 ]

Also known as: Growing fat tissue with an inbuilt blood supply for surgical repair

Research Grant

[Cite as]

Researchers: E/Pr Wayne Morrison (Principal investigator) ,  Aurora Messina Dr Kenneth Knight Paul Simmons Prof Erik Thompson
View all 6 related researchers

Brief description We are able to grow vascularised tissue in implanted plastic chambers to a predetermined size and shape in the rat and mouse (NHMRC Project Grant 01-03; #145782; CIA Morrison). The basis of this growth is blood vessel sprouting from the surface of the vessel bundle or loop, followed by synthesis of structural molecules and the migration of surrounding cells into the vascularised network to form a stable tissue. Unlike other in vivo models of tissue engineering, the tissue grows spontaneously and is densely vascularised, enabling continuous growth and surgically transfer to another part of the body, or to another animal. In this renewal application of the above NHMRC grant, we propose to direct these findings towards the development of vascularised fat tissue which would be ideal for reconstructive surgery as a stable, inert tissue filler. Our efforts to grow fat tissue in vivo to date have identified 4 major requirements: a fat precursor cell source; an instructive basement membrane matrix (which may include growth-differentiation factors); space into which the tissue can grow; a stable blood supply. We will focus here on optimising the precursor cell source and instructive matrix to generate vascularised fat tissue around the blood supply we can engender in our tissue engineering chamber. We have found Matrigel, a mouse tumor-derived matrix rich in basement membrane components, to be instructive for growing fat, and will also build on preliminary observations that either muscle or fat tissue can provide the appropriate precursor cells for this process. Finally we propose to adapt and upsize the vascularised fat tissue chamber to the pig, in a step towards human use, and assess its transplantability and longevity. The clinical application of our work is to produce breast reconstruction tissue and lipo filling for contour deformities resulting from trauma, congenital deformity, ageing and cancer surgery, particularly breast reconstruction.

Funding Amount $AUD 713,545.00

Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants

Notes Standard Project Grant

Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]]