Dataset

In vitro percutaneous absorption data for model chemicals in Litoria caerulea and Rhinella marina: chemicals formulated in Amphibian Ringer’s solution

James Cook University
Beverley Glass (Associated with, Aggregated by) Lee Berger (Associated with, Aggregated by) Victoria Llewelyn (Aggregated by)
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=info:doi10.25903/5d4a64751b5de&rft.title=In vitro percutaneous absorption data for model chemicals in Litoria caerulea and Rhinella marina: chemicals formulated in Amphibian Ringer’s solution&rft.identifier=10.25903/5d4a64751b5de&rft.publisher=James Cook University&rft.description=Although it is accepted that frogs have highly-permeable skin, little is known how the physicochemical characteristics of chemicals, or skin region of chemical application, influence percutaneous absorption in frogs. Additionally, frog species from different primary habitats have different skin composition, thickness and vascularisation, and this is also likely to influence percutaneous absorption. This dataset provides in vitro absorption kinetics for three model chemicals - benzoic acid, caffeine, and ibuprofen - through excised skin of two frog species: the arboreal frog Litoria caerulea and the terrestrial toad Rhinella marina. Franz-type diffusion cells were used to measure absorption, and chemical content was quantified using validated HPLC methods.Each chemical was formulated as a saturated solution (infinite dose) in Amphibian Ringer’s solution and applied to the external skin surface. Diffusion through the skin was measured over a period of six hours for benzoic acid and caffeine, and for 24 hours for ibuprofen. Chemical flux was determined from the steady-state slope of the cumulative absorption vs time plot.Data includes a spreadsheet (comma-separated values / .csv file) providing individual animal information (including animal ID, species, sex, weight, and from which body regions each skin sample was obtained), chemical information including name, concentration, logP and molecular weight, and absorption data including chemical content at each sample time and calculated flux and Kp values.Column headings are explained below:AnimalID: individual animal identifierConc: concentration of chemical applied (microgram/ml)Chemical: chemical applied to the skin (caffeine/benzoic acid/ibuprofen)LogP: logarithm of the partition coefficient for chemical investigatedMW: molecular weight of the chemical investigatedSpecies: frogs species used (L. caerulea or Rh. marina)Sex: frog sexWeight: frog weight in gramsRegion: primary skin region (dorsal=D/ ventral=V) of skin sampleSubRegion: For Rh. marina, identifies if ventral samples are thoracic (T) or pelvic (P)  in origin. Otherwise same as Region (Dorsal=D, Ventral=V)LeftRightMid: identifies if samples taken from left (L), right (R) or on the midline (M)Flux: steady-state flux of the chemicallogFlux: logarithm of fluxKp: permeability coefficient of the chemical (Kp=Conc/Flux)t=0 through t=24: concentration (microgram/ml) of chemical in receptor fluid at each sampling time (hr)Percutaneous absorption kinetics of caffeine, benzoic acid, and ibuprofen through isolated skin from the green tree frog Litoria caerulea, and the terrestrial toad Rhinella marina.  &rft.creator=Beverley Glass&rft.creator=Lee Berger&rft.creator=Victoria Llewelyn&rft.date=2019&rft.relation=https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4302&rft.relation=https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2018.03.019&rft_rights=CC BY-NC 4.0: Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0&rft_subject=Anura&rft_subject=skin absorption&rft_subject=amphibian&rft_subject=toxicokinetics&rft_subject=wildlife toxicology&rft_subject=octanol–water partition coefficient &rft_subject=Veterinary Pharmacology&rft_subject=AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES&rft_subject=VETERINARY SCIENCES&rft_subject=Pharmaceutical Sciences&rft_subject=MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES&rft_subject=PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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CC-BY-NC

CC BY-NC 4.0: Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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Open access. If the data is not feely accessible via the link provided, please contact the nominated data manager or researchdata@jcu.edu.au for assistance.

Brief description

Percutaneous absorption kinetics of caffeine, benzoic acid, and ibuprofen through isolated skin from the green tree frog Litoria caerulea, and the terrestrial toad Rhinella marina.

 

Full description

Although it is accepted that frogs have highly-permeable skin, little is known how the physicochemical characteristics of chemicals, or skin region of chemical application, influence percutaneous absorption in frogs. Additionally, frog species from different primary habitats have different skin composition, thickness and vascularisation, and this is also likely to influence percutaneous absorption. This dataset provides in vitro absorption kinetics for three model chemicals - benzoic acid, caffeine, and ibuprofen - through excised skin of two frog species: the arboreal frog Litoria caerulea and the terrestrial toad Rhinella marina. Franz-type diffusion cells were used to measure absorption, and chemical content was quantified using validated HPLC methods.

Each chemical was formulated as a saturated solution (infinite dose) in Amphibian Ringer’s solution and applied to the external skin surface. Diffusion through the skin was measured over a period of six hours for benzoic acid and caffeine, and for 24 hours for ibuprofen. Chemical flux was determined from the steady-state slope of the cumulative absorption vs time plot.

Data includes a spreadsheet (comma-separated values / .csv file) providing individual animal information (including animal ID, species, sex, weight, and from which body regions each skin sample was obtained), chemical information including name, concentration, logP and molecular weight, and absorption data including chemical content at each sample time and calculated flux and Kp values.

Column headings are explained below:

AnimalID: individual animal identifier

Conc: concentration of chemical applied (microgram/ml)

Chemical: chemical applied to the skin (caffeine/benzoic acid/ibuprofen)

LogP: logarithm of the partition coefficient for chemical investigated

MW: molecular weight of the chemical investigated

Species: frogs species used (L. caerulea or Rh. marina)

Sex: frog sex

Weight: frog weight in grams

Region: primary skin region (dorsal=D/ ventral=V) of skin sample

SubRegion: For Rh. marina, identifies if ventral samples are thoracic (T) or pelvic (P)  in origin. Otherwise same as Region (Dorsal=D, Ventral=V)

LeftRightMid: identifies if samples taken from left (L), right (R) or on the midline (M)

Flux: steady-state flux of the chemical

logFlux: logarithm of flux

Kp: permeability coefficient of the chemical (Kp=Conc/Flux)

t=0 through t=24: concentration (microgram/ml) of chemical in receptor fluid at each sampling time (hr)

Created: 24 07 2019

Data time period: 09 12 2016 to 06 04 2017

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