Urban locational disadvantage and health: compositional and contextual determinants [ 2003 - 2006 ]

Also known as: How does where you live affect your health?

Research Grant

[Cite as]

Researchers: Prof Fran Baum (Principal investigator) ,  A/Pr Andrew Beer A/Pr Anna Ziersch Dr Christine Putland

Brief description Research has shown that where you live can affect your health, with poorer areas tending to have lower levels of health. Relationships have also been found between an individual's income and their health. It is not clear, however, which has the greatest influence on health difference - characteristics of the areas themselves or the type of people living in the area. Recent research has suggested that the levels of social capital (that is, links between people, the amount of voluntary community activity, and the degree to which people trust others and civic institutions) has a significant impact on health. The nature of physical environments also has an impact on peoples' lives. The study will examine how the communities in which people live influence their health and will consider both aspects of the physical and social environments of areas, and their demographic composition. The research is in three stages. The first stage involves a telephone survey of residents of metropolitan Adelaide and includes questions about social capital, area of residence and health. Existing information about areas, such as crime rates, availability of services and air and water pollution, will be collected. The second stage involves detailed case studies of four suburbs in Adelaide, two of which are more affluent than average and two of which are poorer than average. These case studies will: catalogue the facilities available; survey a random sample of residents about their health, their participation in community activities and their perceptions of their area; talk about these issues in detail with residents in each area; and assess the quality of the physical environment. In the third stage, the findings of the research will be discussed with community members and key policy makers in state and local government to determine how communities can be best structured so that they support individuals' health status.

Funding Amount $AUD 608,050.00

Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants

Notes Standard Project Grant

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