Data

Surveys to locate juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) on the Great Barrier Reef

Australian Ocean Data Network
Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://catalogue-aodn.prod.aodn.org.au/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=0d807af8-a690-4729-a73e-c273bd6fb672&rft.title=Surveys to locate juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) on the Great Barrier Reef&rft.identifier=http://catalogue-aodn.prod.aodn.org.au/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=0d807af8-a690-4729-a73e-c273bd6fb672&rft.publisher=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS)&rft.description=In 1989, reefs in the central GBR were surveyed to locate high density populations of larger (5-15 cm) juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci). Preliminary surveys were undertaken at two inshore reefs (Hayman Island and Reef No. 20-019) in October 1989. During November 1989, searches were carried out at different depths at 45 sites on 12 reefs. The reefs surveyed were 19-123, 19-124, 19-131, 19-138, Bait, Bowden, Davies, Hope, Little, Oublier, Rafter and Stanley. \n \nAll reefs surveyed were relatively small and had supported large numbers of starfish during the 1970s. At the time of survey they either supported large numbers of adult starfish or were located immediately to the south of the main concentration of reefs with outbreaks. A range of reef types across the continental shelf were surveyed. The perimeter of each reef was surveyed by manta tow to identify sites with relatively high live coral cover and small areas of dead coral then 3 or 6 sites were selected for more intensive SCUBA swim searches. \n \nSCUBA searches were undertaken by divers along 4 depth contours at each site: reef crest/flat, 5m, 10m and 15m. Where this was impractical, the divers swam parallel to each other and covered the maximum practical depth range between the crest and the base of the reef slope. The four divers swam slowly along their respective depth contours for a set period of twenty minutes, covering a distance of approximately 100m. Whilst swimming, each diver scanned approximately 1m either side of the swim path looking for any small starfish or evidence of their presence. All small areas of recently dead coral were closely examined and if no starfish were found, then an attempt was made to determine the cause of mortality. \n \nThe following observations were recorded during each 20 minute swim search: number of adult crown-of-thorns starfish, number and size of juvenile (&rft.creator=Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) &rft.date=2022&rft.coverage=northlimit=-14.523517; southlimit=-23.890883; westlimit=145.35114; eastLimit=152.668567&rft.coverage=northlimit=-14.523517; southlimit=-23.890883; westlimit=145.35114; eastLimit=152.668567&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Australia License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0&rft_subject=oceans&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Contact Information

adc@aims.gov.au

Brief description

In 1989, reefs in the central GBR were surveyed to locate high density populations of larger (5-15 cm) juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci). Preliminary surveys were undertaken at two inshore reefs (Hayman Island and Reef No. 20-019) in October 1989. During November 1989, searches were carried out at different depths at 45 sites on 12 reefs. The reefs surveyed were 19-123, 19-124, 19-131, 19-138, Bait, Bowden, Davies, Hope, Little, Oublier, Rafter and Stanley. \n \nAll reefs surveyed were relatively small and had supported large numbers of starfish during the 1970s. At the time of survey they either supported large numbers of adult starfish or were located immediately to the south of the main concentration of reefs with outbreaks. A range of reef types across the continental shelf were surveyed. The perimeter of each reef was surveyed by manta tow to identify sites with relatively high live coral cover and small areas of dead coral then 3 or 6 sites were selected for more intensive SCUBA swim searches. \n \nSCUBA searches were undertaken by divers along 4 depth contours at each site: reef crest/flat, 5m, 10m and 15m. Where this was impractical, the divers swam parallel to each other and covered the maximum practical depth range between the crest and the base of the reef slope. The four divers swam slowly along their respective depth contours for a set period of twenty minutes, covering a distance of approximately 100m. Whilst swimming, each diver scanned approximately 1m either side of the swim path looking for any small starfish or evidence of their presence. All small areas of recently dead coral were closely examined and if no starfish were found, then an attempt was made to determine the cause of mortality. \n \nThe following observations were recorded during each 20 minute swim search: number of adult crown-of-thorns starfish, number and size of juvenile (<150mm), crown-of-thorns starfish, number of small coral scars attributed to the gastropod Drupella and the number of small coral scars for which no cause of mortality could be identified. \n \nAdditional dives were undertaken at night on Stanley and Bait Reefs, in areas where numerous small coral scars had been recorded during the day. These involved 5 divers who searched for juveniles within an area approximately 100x50m, over a 90 minute period.\n Surveys were undertaken to locate high density populations of juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci), which could be used in further studies of recruitment, predation and population dynamics of the juvenile stage this starfish.\n Only 14 juvenile starfish were found in the 1989 survey. \n \nObservations have been expanded since 1989 and some aspects have been incorporated into the ongoing AIMS Long Term Monitoring Program - refer to the separate metadata record on 'Agents of coral mortality'.\n

Notes

Credit
Sweatman, Hugh PA, Dr (Custodian)

Modified: 10 02 2022

152.668567,-14.523517 152.668567,-23.890883 145.35114,-23.890883 145.35114,-14.523517 152.668567,-14.523517

149.0098535,-19.2072

text: northlimit=-14.523517; southlimit=-23.890883; westlimit=145.35114; eastLimit=152.668567

Subjects
oceans |

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Other Information
A guide to the reef monitoring database. Long term monitoring of the Great Barrier Reef. Standard operational procedure No. 5: Baker VJ and Coleman GJ (2000) A guide to the reef monitoring database. Long term monitoring of the Great Barrier Reef. Standard operational procedure No. 5. SOP 5. Australian Institute of Marine Science. 72 p.

uri : https://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do

URI : https://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=5818

An attempt to lcate high density populations of juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) on the central Breat Barrier Reef: Johnson DB, Moran PJ, Baker VJ, Christie CA and Miller IR (1992) An attempt to locate high density populations of juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) on the central Breat Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs 11:122.

uri : https://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do

URI : https://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=5687

Report on field surveys to locate high density populations of juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) within the central Great Barrier Reef. The Crown-of-thorns study: Johnson DB, Moran PJ, Baker VJ, Christie CA, Miller IR, Miller-Smith BA and Thompson AA (1991) Report on field surveys to locate high density populations of juvenile crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) within the central Great Barrier Reef. The Crown-of-thorns study. Australian Institute of Marine Science. 17 p.

uri : https://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do

URI : https://data.aims.gov.au/extpubs/do/viewPub.do?articleId=7385

AIMS long-term reef monitoring program

uri : http://www.aims.gov.au/docs/research/monitoring/reef/sampling-methods.html

Identifiers
  • global : 0d807af8-a690-4729-a73e-c273bd6fb672