This dataset includes both the physical and biogeochemical output of simulations performed with the CSIRO Mk3L v1.2 Earth System Model under broadly Pre-Industrial (PI; 1950 CE) and Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 21,000 BCE) climates.
Two simulations using the fully coupled Earth System Model, with atmosphere, ocean and sea-ice components, were undertaken by forcing the model with the boundary conditions of each climate state. The boundary conditions included appropriate greenhouse forcing using CO2 equivalents and orbital parameters.
Climatologies of sea surface temperature, sea surface salinity, and x and y vectors of sea surface wind stresses were produced by both the PI and LGM coupled experiments and were used to force the ocean general circulation model. Additional climatologies of sea ice fractional cover, sea surface wind speeds, and net incident short-wave radiation were important for forcing the biogeochemical model. These climatologies are available.
Also available are the three-dimensional global annual averages of oceanic properties for both PI and LGM climates. These include temperature, salinity, oxygen, apparent oxygen utilisation, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, calcite saturation state, aragonite saturation state, phosphate and iron concentrations.
A full description of the CSIRO Mk3L v1.2 can be found in both:
Phipps, S. J., Rotstayn, L. D., Gordon, H. B., Roberts, J. L., Hirst, A. C., and Budd, W. F.: The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model version 1.0 – Part 1: Description and evaluation, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 483-509, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-483-2011, 2011.
Phipps, S. J., Rotstayn, L. D., Gordon, H. B., Roberts, J. L., Hirst, A. C., and Budd, W. F.: The CSIRO Mk3L climate system model version 1.0 – Part 2: Response to external forcings, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 649-682, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-649-2012, 2012.
A complete description of the biogeochemical ocean model that was used (Mk3L-COAL) can be found in Appendix A of:
Matear, R. J. and Lenton, A.: Quantifying the impact of ocean acidification on our future climate, Biogeosciences, 11, 3965-3983, doi:10.5194/bg-11-3965-2014, 2014.