Role of Neutrophil Proteases in the Mobilisation of Haemopoietic Progenitor Cells [ 2001 - 2003 ]

Also known as: Mechanisms of Blood Stem Cell Mobilisation

Research Grant

[Cite as]

Researchers: Prof Jean-Pierre Levesque (Principal investigator) ,  Paul Simmons Prof Susan Nilsson

Brief description Mobilisation is a procedure consisting in inducing the egress of blood forming cells (haemopoietic stem cells) from the bone marrow, where they normally reside, into the blood. The most common agent to induce mobilisation of haemopoietic stem cell is a cytokine called granulocyte - colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). In recent years, the number of transplantations performed with mobilised blood stem cells has exceeded those performed with bone marrow. Elements contributing to this success have been the simplicity of the procedure (daily injections of a mobilising cytokines such as G-CSF), a more rapid recovery following high dose chemotherapy and transplantation, and lower costs. Despite its common use in clinics, the molecular mechanisms responsible for haemopoietic stem mobilisation following injection of cytokines are still unknown. A large body of experimental data demonstrate the critical role of adhesive interactions between blood forming cells and the bone marrow microenvironment These interactions control the lodgement of blood forming cells in the bone marrow, where they normally reside, and their egress into the blood during mobilisation. Experiments from this laboratory have shown that the mobilisation of blood forming cells that follows the administration of G-CSF, may be the consequence of the accumulation in the bone marrow of a class of leukocytes called neutrophils. These neutrophils subsequently release within the bone marrow a set of enzymes that specifically cleave a cell adhesion molecule expressed in the bone marrow, and therefore disrupt the adhesive interactions between the bone marrow and the blood forming cells resulting in their egress in the blood. This proposal aims to demonstrate this hypothesis and to provide tools to predict and improve the levels of mobilisation that can be achieved with healthy donors and cancer patients.

Funding Amount $AUD 318,279.26

Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants

Notes Standard Project Grant

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