The role of Cyp2e1, alcohol and HCV in modulation of hepatocyte homeostasis HCV replication and resistance to interferon [ 2006 - 2008 ]

Also known as: The role of alcohol, Cyp2e1 and hepatitis C virus in liver cell biology

Research Grant

[Cite as]

Researchers: A/Pr Michael Beard (Principal investigator) ,  Dr Brett Jones

Brief description Liver disease caused by alcohol consumption and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are major national health problems. Liver disease caused by HCV is greatly accelerated by alcohol consumption, however, the connection between the biochemical events initiated by alcohol, HCV and inflammatory pathways resulting in liver disease are not well understood. Preliminary studies have identified a link between an important alcohol-metabolising enzyme, Cyp2e1, HCV replication, oxidative stress and a powerful mediator of liver injury called tumour necrosis factor alpha. Furthermore we have shown that alcohol metabolism by Cyp2e1 results in an increase in HCV replication and negatively impacts on the anti-viral action of interferon. The studies contained within this proposal aim to build on these exciting new insights by attempting to identify new mediators and mechanisms of liver disease as a consequence of Cyp2e1 expression, alcohol and HCV replication. We will also examine the molecular mechanisms by which alcohol potentiates HCV replication. These studies will assist in developing therapeutic strategies that will benefit alcohol- and HCV-related liver disease.

Funding Amount $AUD 455,520.54

Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants

Notes Standard Project Grant

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