Gavan McCarthy, as the inaugural member of staff, was appointed in 1985 to establish the Australian Science Archives Project (ASAP) in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Melbourne. ASAP, as it was known, became part of the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre when it was established in 1999. McCarthy was archivist in charge of ASAP until his appointment as Director of the Centre. He continued on as Director of the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre (1999-2006) and Director of the eScholarship Research Centre from 1 January 2007. He is known internationally for his innovative approach to archival description and contextual information management.