Data

Koonalda Cave

Also known as: Koonalda
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South Australian Museum (Managed by)
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://museumex.maas.museum/oai/sam/2592.html&rft.title=Koonalda Cave&rft.identifier=SAMA 34&rft.publisher=Museum Metadata Exchange&rft.description=Koonalda Cave was excavated by Alexander (Sandor) Gallus at various times between 1956 and 1968 and again in 1973. It quickly gained international recognition for its ancient artwork, witnessed as series of finger groovings on a series rock faces and for its flint mining. Both these activities took place deep underground in total darkness. Excavation was undertaken jointly with Richard VS Wright in 1968. The two excavations yielded similar dating results for cave use between about 20,000 and 7,000 years ago. However Gallus obtained a date of 36,000 from one sample. This much older date was not matched by the other investigation and the oldest date of cave use at Koonalda has been placed at 20,000 years old. Koonalda Cave assemblage does not express occupation. The focus over the 20-7,000 year phase appears to be for mining and art. The mining left behind an enormous quantity of flint debitage and debris and occupation of the cave by Masked and Barn Owls added a significant quantity of small mammal, bird and reptile bone, via pellet deposition.&rft.creator=Anonymous&rft.date=2017&rft.coverage=Koonalda Cave&rft.coverage=Nullarbor Plain&rft.coverage=western margin of South Australia&rft_subject=Aboriginal art&rft_subject=Aboriginal culture&rft_subject=Aboriginal peoples (Australians)&rft_subject=mines&rft_subject=mining&rft_subject=rock images&rft_subject=archaeological excavation&rft_subject=archaeology&rft_subject=Barn Owls&rft_subject=bird bones&rft_subject=debris&rft_subject=Excavation Assemblage&rft_subject=flint debitage&rft_subject=Koonalda Cave&rft_subject=mammal bones&rft_subject=Masked Owls&rft_subject=Owl pellet deposition&rft_subject=reptile bones&rft_subject=Aboriginal peoples&rft_subject=Artefacts&rft_subject=Bones&rft_subject=Excavations (Archaeology)&rft_subject=Alexander (Sandor) Gallus&rft_subject=Richard VS Wright&rft_subject=Animal bones&rft_subject=Artworks&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Brief description

Koonalda Cave was excavated by Alexander (Sandor) Gallus at various times between 1956 and 1968 and again in 1973. It quickly gained international recognition for its ancient artwork, witnessed as series of finger groovings on a series rock faces and for its flint mining. Both these activities took place deep underground in total darkness. Excavation was undertaken jointly with Richard VS Wright in 1968. The two excavations yielded similar dating results for cave use between about 20,000 and 7,000 years ago. However Gallus obtained a date of 36,000 from one sample. This much older date was not matched by the other investigation and the oldest date of cave use at Koonalda has been placed at 20,000 years old. Koonalda Cave assemblage does not express occupation. The focus over the 20-7,000 year phase appears to be for mining and art. The mining left behind an enormous quantity of flint debitage and debris and occupation of the cave by Masked and Barn Owls added a significant quantity of small mammal, bird and reptile bone, via pellet deposition.

Notes

'Archaeology of the Gallus Site, Koonalda Cave' (1971) edited by RVS Wright, AIAS, Canberra, AAS No 26.

Data time period: to

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Spatial Coverage And Location

text: Koonalda Cave

text: Nullarbor Plain

text: western margin of South Australia

Identifiers
  • Local : SAMA 34