A family study of genes in atopic dermatitis. [ 2003 - 2005 ]

Research Grant

[Cite as]

Researchers: Dr David Duffy (Principal investigator) ,  Dr Susan Forrest Prof Graeme Stewart

Brief description Atopic dermatitis (AD) or atopic eczema is the third condition making up the atopic triad (asthma, hayfever and eczema). It usually has its onset before two years of age. It is common, affecting approximately 10% of Australian children and 7% of Australian adults, and is increasing in prevalence. As with asthma, genes are known to be important in its causation, and several different genes have been reported to be involved by different investigators. These findings are not always repeatable in different countries or ethnic groups. One, the mast cell chymase gene seems to be associated with AD in Japan, but not in Australia or Italy. However, this gene may be responsible only for AD where total serum Immunoglobulin E is low, roughly 20% of all AD. Therefore, the previous studies may not have included enough cases of this subtype to reliably detect the association. The present study aims to test all the published genes in two panels of families: one where both AD and asthma or hayfever are present in the family (180 families), the second where AD alone is present (100 families). We will also test for genetic linkage to particular regions of the genome, where the specific gene is yet to be identified, and for newly discovered gene variants in these regions that may be associated with AD. Confirming and refining the nature of genes involved in the causation of AD is useful for the basic understanding of biochemical pathways to disease and ultimately to the design of drugs to interfere with these pathways.

Funding Amount $AUD 409,700.00

Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants

Notes Standard Project Grant

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