Dataset

Extending and understanding the South West Western Australian rainfall record using the Dome Summit South ice core, East Antarctica

Australian Ocean Data Network
Zheng,Yaowen ; Phipps, Steven ; Roberts, Jason ; Jong, Lenneke M
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=info:doidoi:10.25959/5f4c50b7b661f&rft.title=Extending and understanding the South West Western Australian rainfall record using the Dome Summit South ice core, East Antarctica&rft.identifier=doi:10.25959/5f4c50b7b661f&rft.publisher=Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania&rft.description=A 2038-year South West Western Australia rainfall reconstruction. The prolonged rainfall reduction in South West Western Australia (SWWA) in recent decades has previously been reported to be unprecedented in the past 750 years. This rainfall reduction has reduced the water supply for both residents and agriculture in SWWA. However, the cause of this rainfall reduction is unclear. The relatively short length of the SWWA instrumental rainfall record limits longterm studies of SWWA rainfall. In this study, SWWA rainfall is reconstructed based on a statistically significant negative correlation between SWWA rainfall and snowfall at Dome Summit South (DSS), East Antarctica. The 2000-year DSS snow accumulation record is used to reconstruct SWWA rainfall from 22 BCE to 2015 CE. With Cumulative Summation (CUSUM) analysis applied to the rainfall reconstruction, it is found that SWWA rainfall started to reduce around 1971 CE. This prolonged rainfall reduction is unprecedented during the past 750 years, but there have been two prior droughts of similar duration and intensity during the past 2000 years. Applying statistical techniques to compare the rainfall reconstruction with climate model simulations, it is found that greenhouse gases are likely to be the dominant driver of the SWWA rainfall drying trend after 1971 CE.The South West Western Australia (SWWA) growing season (May to October) rainfall was reconstructed based on a statistically significant negative correlation between SWWA rainfall and snowfall at Dome Summit South (DSS), East Antarctica. The 200-year DSS snow accumulation record is used to reconstruct SWWA rainfall from 22 BCE to 2015 CE.&rft.creator=Zheng,Yaowen &rft.creator=Phipps, Steven &rft.creator=Roberts, Jason &rft.creator=Jong, Lenneke M &rft.date=2020&rft.coverage=northlimit=-32.1428502819; southlimit=-34.8887751782; westlimit=113.451660491; eastLimit=119.384277679&rft_rights=Attribution 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/&rft_rights=The data described in this record are the intellectual property of the the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania (UTAS), and the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD).&rft_subject=climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere&rft_subject=South West Western Australia&rft_subject=PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS&rft_subject=EARTH SCIENCE&rft_subject=CLIMATE INDICATORS&rft_subject=PALEOCLIMATE INDICATORS&rft_subject=DROUGHT/PRECIPITATION RECONSTRUCTION&rft_subject=Climatology (excl. Climate Change Processes)&rft_subject=EARTH SCIENCES&rft_subject=ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Attribution 4.0 International
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

The data described in this record are the intellectual property of the the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania (UTAS), and the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD).

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Full description

A 2038-year South West Western Australia rainfall reconstruction. The prolonged rainfall reduction in South West Western Australia (SWWA) in recent decades has previously been reported to be unprecedented in the past 750 years. This rainfall reduction has reduced the water supply for both residents and agriculture in SWWA. However, the cause of this rainfall reduction is unclear. The relatively short length of the SWWA instrumental rainfall record limits longterm studies of SWWA rainfall. In this study, SWWA rainfall is reconstructed based on a statistically significant negative correlation between SWWA rainfall and snowfall at Dome Summit South (DSS), East Antarctica. The 2000-year DSS snow accumulation record is used to reconstruct SWWA rainfall from 22 BCE to 2015 CE. With Cumulative Summation (CUSUM) analysis applied to the rainfall reconstruction, it is found that SWWA rainfall started to reduce around 1971 CE. This prolonged rainfall reduction is unprecedented during the past 750 years, but there have been two prior droughts of similar duration and intensity during the past 2000 years. Applying statistical techniques to compare the rainfall reconstruction with climate model simulations, it is found that greenhouse gases are likely to be the dominant driver of the SWWA rainfall drying trend after 1971 CE.

Lineage

The South West Western Australia (SWWA) growing season (May to October) rainfall was reconstructed based on a statistically significant negative correlation between SWWA rainfall and snowfall at Dome Summit South (DSS), East Antarctica. The 200-year DSS snow accumulation record is used to reconstruct SWWA rainfall from 22 BCE to 2015 CE.

Created: 2020-08-27

Data time period: 2019-08-31 to 2020-06-22

This dataset is part of a larger collection

119.384277679,-32.1428502819 119.384277679,-34.8887751782 113.451660491,-34.8887751782 113.451660491,-32.1428502819 119.384277679,-32.1428502819

116.417969085,-33.51581273005