[Cite as http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/110250]
Prof James Semmens
Brief description Endophthalmitis is a serious sight threatening infection of the internal cavities of the eye. Although endophthalmitis is not a common post-operative complication of eye surgery, 200 cases of this serious sight threatening infection occur each year in Australia following cataract surgery. Not only is this condition extremely distressing to the patients and surgeons alike, around A$4 million per year is spent each year treating the infection. Also, there is significant expenditure on methods to prevent the infection that have not, as yet, been demonstrated beneficial. Our study will use a multidisciplinary team consisting of consultant ophthalmologists, public health researchers, a biostatistician and health economist to assess the impact of endophthalmitis in WA from 1980-2002 (around 480 cases). The population-based WA Linked Database provides a unique opportunity to produce what will be the largest population study of endophthalmitis. Data from the study will provide important information to develop best-practice treatment guidelines to prevent endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. The significance of this study will be that accurate information on the clinical epidemiology and true cost of endophthalmitis will be obtained for WA. By studying the records of patients with endophthalmitis and comparing them with matched patients, who did not have post-operative endophthalmitis following cataract surgery, we will characterise the risks for this severe complication by identifying the underlying factors that are responsible for the infection. We will also better understand the effect of methods used to prevent the infection. The use of a whole population-based study to assess methods of endophthalmitis prevention has not been done before and will have a significant beneficial impact on health policy and best-practice, not only in Australia, but also internationally.
Funding Amount $AUD 348,942.78
Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants
Standard Project Grant