Development of an in vivo pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model for evaluation of antimalarial drug therapy combinations [ 2001 - 2002 ]

Also known as: Pharmacodynamic models for antimalarial drug therapy

Research Grant

[Cite as]

Researchers: Prof Kevin Batty (Principal investigator)

Brief description The World Health Organization currently estimates that there are 300-500 million cases of malaria annually, with 1.5-2.7 million deaths. These are staggering data, given that almost 20 antimalarial drugs are now in regular clinical use. Multi-drug resistance is present in most tropical countries where malaria is endemic and there has been a rapid escalation in cases of malaria in developed countries over recent decades (imported by travellers). Clearly, there is a need to ensure that current and new treatment and prevention strategies are rational and effective. This project is based on the premise that improvements can be made in the in vitro testing process of antimalarial drugs. The experiments will be conducted using mice and a form of malaria that is specific to mice but closely resembles human malaria. In the first stage, the relationship between the amount of a new antimalarial drug (dihydroartemisinin) in the body and the effectiveness of the dose will be tested. These experiments will be repeated using conventional antimalarial drugs such as mefloquine. Information from these studies will subsequently be used to evaluate combinations of antimalarials. The results will be used as the basis of extensive, collaborative clinical studies in South-East Asia that are beyond the scope of this project. The methods used for this research will be important for future testing of new antimalarial drugs or combinations of drugs for the treatment and prophylaxis of malaria.

Funding Amount $AUD 120,604.18

Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants

Notes New Investigator Grant

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