Background [Extract from Related publication]: Global estimates of the economic value of coral reefs have been made using benefit transfer and other valuation methods, but it is unclear whether these estimates match actualized values (e.g. market values of reef fish and reef tourism) or how they scale to specific regions. Here we empirically estimated the (actualized) direct economic contribution of fishing and tourism on coral reefs (i.e., direct use values) in the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region, which includes a majority (~80%) of the global reef area.
Methods [Extract]: We analyzed and estimated the contribution of each country’s direct use values associated with coral reefs to gross domestic product (GDP). We then compared out findings to global estimates of the value of tourism and fishing on reefs. We focused on direct use values for which regional open-access data exist: fishing (Pauly, 2007; Pauly et al., 2020) and tourism (Spalding et al., 2017). Other direct use values were excluded due to limitations imposed by data availability, most notably for using coral reefs as building materials, a source of aquarium fish, ornamentals from dead coral and seashells, and pharmaceuticals. Our final estimates are thus considered a conservative estimate of the direct economic contributions of fisheries and tourism on reefs.
Data sources acknowledgement:
- Pauly D., Zeller D., Palomares M.L.D. (Editors), 2020. Sea Around Us Concepts, Design and Data (seaaroundus.org).
- Spalding, M., Burke, L., Wood, S.A., Ashpole, J., Hutchison, J., zu Ermgassen, P., 2017. Mapping the global value and distribution of coral reef tourism. Marine Policy 82, 104–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.05.014
This dataset consists of:
- 1 MS Excel file (6 worksheets) containing input data and calculation of economic reef parameters used in analysis
- 1 zip archive containing 64 Excel files i.e. Sea Around Us data on fish stocks (summary files and files for 63 countries) extracted for further analysis.
MS Excel worksheets have also been saved and archived in OpenDocument (.ods) format.
An extensive data summary is available in the Open Access publication from the Related publications link below.