This data set contains transcripts from interviews conducted by Katie Wright for an Australian Research Council (ARC) funded study on childhood maltreatment and public inquiries. This historical sociological study examines the unfolding of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse alongside past Inquiries into child maltreatment. It explores how changing understandings of children’s development, vulnerability and rights are shaping social policy and public attitudes towards safeguarding children and promoting their wellbeing. In particular, it investigates how concepts of childhood and policy approaches are changing as a result of social imperatives for openness and disclosure about matters once considered taboo, such as child sexual abuse. Interviews for the project were conducted in Australia, Ireland and the UK from 2016 to 2019 and focused primarily on public inquiries into historical institutional child abuse. This data set is embargoed until 1 January 2025. After the embargo period is completed the data will be available to request access.