[Cite as http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/139008]
Dr Evan Ingley
Prof Peter Klinken
Brief description Mature red and white blood cells develop from hemopoietic stem cells in the adult bone marrow. The production of red blood cells is primarily controlled by the hormone erythropoietin (epo). The availability of this hormone in a recombinant form has aided in the treatment of numerous forms of anaemia resulting from kidney failure, malignancies, and AIDS. Previously we had identified that the protein Lyn must be present inside primitive red blood cells for epo to stimulate them to become mature functional cells. We have identified six molecules which interact with Lyn in red blood cells. We have shown that amolecule called HS1 is important for epo function in individual red blood cells and now we plan to investigate its functions in whole animals, including mice that lack the HS1 gene. We have also shown that a molecule called Trip1 is important for red blood cell development. Interestingly, this molecule also interacts with the thyroid hormone receptor and can influence the effects of epo and thyroid hormone on red blood cell development. The interplay between these two hormones will be looked at in more detail both at the cell and whole animal levels in normal mice and those lacking the thyroid hormone receptor gene. The third Lyn binding molecule we isolated is a novel gene-we have named it ankyrin repeat protein in line with the molecules it is related to. This gene is expressed in red blood cells and we aim to investigate what role it plays in the development of these cells. The fourth gene is also novel and is closely related to another called AFAP-110, which can exert effects on the structure of a cell. Its role in red blood cell structure will also be investigated. Finally, the last two molecule we have identified are both novel and are unrelated to any other known proteins. As above, the effects of these two molecules on red blood cell development will be investigated.
Funding Amount $AUD 437,545.90
Funding Scheme NHMRC Project Grants
Standard Project Grant