Data

Broadscale effects of marine salmonid aquaculture on macrobenthos and the sediment environment in Tasmania between 1998 and 2003

University of Tasmania, Australia
Edgar, Graham, Dr
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://metadata.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=640e0630-8e54-11dc-94b1-00188b4c0af8&rft.title=Broadscale effects of marine salmonid aquaculture on macrobenthos and the sediment environment in Tasmania between 1998 and 2003&rft.identifier=http://metadata.imas.utas.edu.au/geonetwork/srv/eng/search?uuid=640e0630-8e54-11dc-94b1-00188b4c0af8&rft.description=A comparison was made of sediments and associated macrobenthos at sites sampled within 42 fish farm leases distributed across Tasmania. Several key biotic and abiotic metrics recommended in previous studies for assessing environmental impacts of fish farm waste were investigated.Environmental and biological data were obtained in collaboration with, and in some cases by, salmonid farm operators from 42 separate farm lease locations distributed in six regions around Tasmania. Sampling primarily occurred from 1998 to 2003, although two farm leases were sampled in 1997 and a single lease in 2004. Farm leases varied in size and production capacity but were typically 20-60 ha, with 6-20 cages (26-36 m in diameter) stocked per lease. Cages were periodically moved within farm lease areas, with rotation times of 12-36 months. Depths of sites studied ranged from 7 m to 47 m, with mean of 20 m. Triplicate macrofaunal samples were collected < 5 m apart at each site using a Van Veen grab (0.07 m2 surface area) or diver operated corer (150mm diameter) pushed into the sediment to a depth of 100mm. Samples were sieved in the field using a 1 mm mesh sieve, and retained material placed into vials and fixed with 5% buffered formalin. In the laboratory, the collected material was washed through a stacked series of sieves (1, 1.4, 2, 2.8 and 4 mm) using the methods described by Edgar (1990). Material retained on each sieve was sorted, with animals separated into species groups and counted. A Craib corer was used alongside the Van Veen grab at each site to collect triplicate sediment cores (43 mm in diameter) for analysis of sediment properties. Redox potential was measured in millivolts at the surface of the sediment and at 40 mm depth below the sediment surface. After redox measurements were completed, two sub-samples were separated from each Craib core. The top 30 mm of sediment was collected in a vial for analysis of organic content, %C, %N, stable isotope ratios and particle size. The next 70 mm was used for particle size analysis only. The two samples comprising the top 100 mm of each sediment core were combined for particle size analysis.&rft.creator=Edgar, Graham, Dr &rft.date=2007&rft.coverage=northlimit=-39.00; southlimit=-44.00; westlimit=144.50; eastLimit=148.50&rft.coverage=northlimit=-39.00; southlimit=-44.00; westlimit=144.50; eastLimit=148.50&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5&rft_subject=biota&rft_subject=SEDIMENT COMPOSITION&rft_subject=EARTH SCIENCE&rft_subject=OCEANS&rft_subject=MARINE SEDIMENTS&rft_subject=Oceans | Marine Sediments | Sediment Grain Size&rft_subject=NITROGEN&rft_subject=OCEAN CHEMISTRY&rft_subject=AQUACULTURE&rft_subject=AGRICULTURE&rft_subject=AGRICULTURAL AQUATIC SCIENCES&rft_subject=CRUSTACEANS&rft_subject=BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION&rft_subject=ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES&rft_subject=ARTHROPODS&rft_subject=MOLLUSKS&rft_subject=ECHINODERMS&rft_subject=Polychaetes&rft_subject=Environmental monitoring&rft_subject=Impact assessment&rft_subject=Introduced species&rft_subject=Redox&rft_subject=Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)&rft_subject=BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES&rft_subject=ECOLOGY&rft_subject=Total number of individuals per sample&rft_subject=Total number of species per sample&rft_subject=Particle size&rft_subject=Organic matter percentage&rft_subject=Redox potential&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Brief description

A comparison was made of sediments and associated macrobenthos at sites sampled within 42 fish farm leases distributed across Tasmania. Several key biotic and abiotic metrics recommended in previous studies for assessing environmental impacts of fish farm waste were investigated.

Lineage

Environmental and biological data were obtained in collaboration with, and in some cases by, salmonid farm operators from 42 separate farm lease locations distributed in six regions around Tasmania. Sampling primarily occurred from 1998 to 2003, although two farm leases were sampled in 1997 and a single lease in 2004. Farm leases varied in size and production capacity but were typically 20-60 ha, with 6-20 cages (26-36 m in diameter) stocked per lease. Cages were periodically moved within farm lease areas, with rotation times of 12-36 months. Depths of sites studied ranged from 7 m to 47 m, with mean of 20 m.

Triplicate macrofaunal samples were collected < 5 m apart at each site using a Van Veen grab (0.07 m2 surface area) or diver operated corer (150mm diameter) pushed into the sediment to a depth of 100mm. Samples were sieved in the field using a 1 mm mesh sieve, and retained material placed into vials and fixed with 5% buffered formalin. In the laboratory, the collected material was washed through a stacked series of sieves (1, 1.4, 2, 2.8 and 4 mm) using the methods described by Edgar (1990).

Material retained on each sieve was sorted, with animals separated into species groups and counted.

A Craib corer was used alongside the Van Veen grab at each site to collect triplicate sediment cores (43 mm in diameter) for analysis of sediment properties. Redox potential was measured in millivolts at the surface of the sediment and at 40 mm depth below the sediment surface.

After redox measurements were completed, two sub-samples were separated from each Craib core. The top 30 mm of sediment was collected in a vial for analysis of organic content, %C, %N, stable isotope ratios and particle size. The next 70 mm was used for particle size analysis only.

The two samples comprising the top 100 mm of each sediment core were combined for particle size analysis.

Notes

Credit
Adam Davey, Aquenal Pty Ltd.
Credit
Colin Shepherd, Marine Farming Branch, Department of Primary Industries and Water
Credit
Aquenal Pty Ltd.
Credit
Tassal Operations Ltd.
Credit
Huon Aquaculture Company Pty Ltd.
Credit
AMD Pty Ltd.
Credit
Dom O.Brien
Credit
Aquatas Pty Ltd.
Purpose
This study assessed the efficacy of a variety of physical and biological metrics in discriminating fish farm impacts at different distances from cages, with emphasis on the more distant effects.

Created: 09 11 2007

Data time period: 01 01 1997 to 31 12 2004

148.5,-39 148.5,-44 144.5,-44 144.5,-39 148.5,-39

146.5,-41.5

text: northlimit=-39.00; southlimit=-44.00; westlimit=144.50; eastLimit=148.50

Identifiers
  • global : 640e0630-8e54-11dc-94b1-00188b4c0af8