Data

Biodiversity in the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site and the Murray-Darling Basin, v03.03.2021

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Mokany, Karel ; Ware, Chris ; Ferrier, Simon ; Schmidt, Becky ; Harwood, Tom
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=info:doi10.25919/2ad1-d968&rft.title=Biodiversity in the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site and the Murray-Darling Basin, v03.03.2021&rft.identifier=10.25919/2ad1-d968&rft.publisher=Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)&rft.description=The datasets in this collection provide estimates of the state of biodiversity separately, in both the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site case study site and the Murray-Darling Basin, for two time points (2010 and 2015). Datasets provide both input and account-ready data from which a series of ecosystem accounts have been prepared (see accompanying report). Ecosystem accounts are tabled for a series of focal species, alongside two community level biodiversity accounts. For the species-level ecosystem accounts, data were generated for the following focal species: • Amphibromus fluitans (River Swamp Wallaby Grass) • Botaurus poiciloptilus (Australian Bittern) • Caladenia tensa (Rigid Spider-Orchid) • Eucalyptus camaldulensis (River Redgum) • Eucalyptus largiflorens (Black Box) • Grantiella picta (Painted Honeyeater • Lepidium monoplocoides (Winged Pepper-cress) • Litoria raniformis (Growling Grass Frog) • Phascolarctos cinereus (Koala) • Polytelis swainsonii (Superb Parrot) For the community-level ecosystem accounts, data were generated for the following biological groups: • Vascular plants • Waterbirds Assessments undertaken to develop the account-ready data were implemented at two complementary spatial scales: the Murray-Darling-Basin (MDB), and within the MDB, the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site (GKP). Account-ready data were aggregated to regions within the MDB and GKP, and across the MDB and GKP. Accounting regions across the MDB were defined hydrologically (MDBA 2014) and biologically (https://research.csiro.au/biodiversity-knowledge/projects/models-framework/). The latter were defined within the scope of the current (LEAP) project and are further described in accompanying reports. Account-ready data for the species-level ecosystem accounts comprises: • Gridded data covering the study extents with, for each species, estimates of potential distribution and potential habitat for the years 2010 and 2015. • Regional summaries of the above Account-ready data for the community-level ecosystem accounts comprises: • Gridded data covering the study extents with, for each biological group, estimates of species richness and species persistence for the years 2010 and 2015. • Regional summaries of the above. • Gridded data covering the study extents representing habitat condition for the years 2010 and 2015 which is integrated with diversity models to derive estimates of species persistence. A more in-depth description of the data and methods used to generate them are detailed in an accompanying report: Mokany K, Ware C, Harwood TD, Schmidt RK, Tetreault-Campbell S and Ferrier S (2021) Biodiversity in the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site and the Murray-Darling Basin. A technical report for the Land and Ecosystem Accounts Project. CSIRO, Australia. https://doi.org/10.25919/nzg6-0819. For updates to the species-level accounts, see the metadata document in the file collection.Species potential distributions: Species potential distribution (pre 1750) estimates were obtained from the Department of Agriculture, Water and Environment Species of National Environmental Significance database, with the exception of those for E. camaldulensis and E. largiflorens which were modelled for the purposes of the project. The latter were derived by fitting models relating the known occurrence of each species to a suite of continuous environmental grids spanning the case study extents. Known occurrence records were obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia (https://www.ala.org.au/). Environmental grids used were sourced or derived from a number of sources: • Soil information: https://aclep.csiro.au/aclep/soilandlandscapegrid/ • Climate and terrain information: https://doi.org/10.4225/08/5afa9f7d1a552 • Surface water: http://dap.nci.org.au/thredds/remoteCatalogService?catalog=http://dapds00.nci.org.au/thredds/catalog/fk4/datacube/002/WOfS/WOfS_25_2_1/catalog.xml Gridded data were processed to the spatial domain of the analysis in each case, and summaries derived from these in certain cases. Species habitats: Potential available habitat was derived from soon to be published data provided by Geoscience Australia. These are high resolution (25m pixel) classifications of land cover, based on the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) taxonomy. Resulting potential habitat was augmented in cases with data from the Australian National Aquatic Ecosystems wetlands classification. Community level data This community level datasets are based on a habitat-based approach to quantifying change in biodiversity over the Ecosystem Accounting Areas considered, linking spatially complete information on biodiversity patterns with habitat quality derived from remote-sensing (Harwood et al. 2021). A habitat-based assessment approach provides a fully scalable method for Environmental-Economic Accounting and overcomes gaps in space and time associated with on-ground biodiversity data. Observations of both waterbirds and vascular plants were obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia. Diversity models were fitted to environmental gridded data derived from the same sources as those described for the species potential distributions. Estimates of biodiversity persistence based on the diversity models were obtained using CSIRO’s macroecological and biodiversity assessment capability: https://research.csiro.au/macroecologicalmodelling/bilbi/ Note that the models of waterbird species richness and plant persistence were derived at a ~90m pixel resolution, and were simply resampled to the higher (25m pixel) spatial resolution datasets provided in this collection. This additional processing was performed to align the waterbird species richness and plant persistence estimates with other datasets used in the associated project. In the case of both estimates, therefore, the 25m pixel values represent estimated species richness/plant persistence for the surrounding ~hectare, not the discrete 25m pixel. References: Harwood TD, Richards AE, Williams KJ, Mokany K, Schmidt RK, Ware C, Ferrier S and Prober SM (2021) Assessing condition of ecosystem types at Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site. A technical report for the Land and Ecosystem Accounts Project. CSIRO, Australia. https://doi.org/10.25919/a9b7-9y54.&rft.creator=Mokany, Karel &rft.creator=Ware, Chris &rft.creator=Ferrier, Simon &rft.creator=Schmidt, Becky &rft.creator=Harwood, Tom &rft.date=2022&rft.edition=v12&rft.relation=https://doi.org/10.25919/nzg6-0819&rft.coverage=northlimit=-24.585618; southlimit=-37.682084; westlimit=138.568467; eastLimit=152.488546; projection=WGS84&rft_rights=All Rights (including copyright) CSIRO 2021.&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/&rft_subject=Ecosystem accounts, UN SEEA EEA, Murray-Darling Basin, Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota, biodiversity, threatened species&rft_subject=Environmental Management&rft_subject=ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES&rft_subject=ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT&rft_subject=Natural Resource Management&rft_subject=Wildlife and Habitat Management&rft_subject=Conservation and Biodiversity&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Brief description

The datasets in this collection provide estimates of the state of biodiversity separately, in both the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site case study site and the Murray-Darling Basin, for two time points (2010 and 2015). Datasets provide both input and account-ready data from which a series of ecosystem accounts have been prepared (see accompanying report). Ecosystem accounts are tabled for a series of focal species, alongside two community level biodiversity accounts.

For the species-level ecosystem accounts, data were generated for the following focal species:

• Amphibromus fluitans (River Swamp Wallaby Grass)
• Botaurus poiciloptilus (Australian Bittern)
• Caladenia tensa (Rigid Spider-Orchid)
• Eucalyptus camaldulensis (River Redgum)
• Eucalyptus largiflorens (Black Box)
• Grantiella picta (Painted Honeyeater
• Lepidium monoplocoides (Winged Pepper-cress)
• Litoria raniformis (Growling Grass Frog)
• Phascolarctos cinereus (Koala)
• Polytelis swainsonii (Superb Parrot)

For the community-level ecosystem accounts, data were generated for the following biological groups:
• Vascular plants
• Waterbirds

Assessments undertaken to develop the account-ready data were implemented at two complementary spatial scales: the Murray-Darling-Basin (MDB), and within the MDB, the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site (GKP). Account-ready data were aggregated to regions within the MDB and GKP, and across the MDB and GKP. Accounting regions across the MDB were defined hydrologically (MDBA 2014) and biologically (https://research.csiro.au/biodiversity-knowledge/projects/models-framework/). The latter were defined within the scope of the current (LEAP) project and are further described in accompanying reports.

Account-ready data for the species-level ecosystem accounts comprises:
• Gridded data covering the study extents with, for each species, estimates of potential distribution and potential habitat for the years 2010 and 2015.
• Regional summaries of the above

Account-ready data for the community-level ecosystem accounts comprises:
• Gridded data covering the study extents with, for each biological group, estimates of species richness and species persistence for the years 2010 and 2015.
• Regional summaries of the above.
• Gridded data covering the study extents representing habitat condition for the years 2010 and 2015 which is integrated with diversity models to derive estimates of species persistence.

A more in-depth description of the data and methods used to generate them are detailed in an accompanying report:
Mokany K, Ware C, Harwood TD, Schmidt RK, Tetreault-Campbell S and Ferrier S (2021) Biodiversity in the Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site and the Murray-Darling Basin. A technical report for the Land and Ecosystem Accounts Project. CSIRO, Australia. https://doi.org/10.25919/nzg6-0819.

For updates to the species-level accounts, see the metadata document in the file collection.

Lineage

Species potential distributions:
Species potential distribution (pre 1750) estimates were obtained from the Department of Agriculture, Water and Environment Species of National Environmental Significance database, with the exception of those for E. camaldulensis and E. largiflorens which were modelled for the purposes of the project. The latter were derived by fitting models relating the known occurrence of each species to a suite of continuous environmental grids spanning the case study extents. Known occurrence records were obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia (https://www.ala.org.au/). Environmental grids used were sourced or derived from a number of sources:
• Soil information: https://aclep.csiro.au/aclep/soilandlandscapegrid/
• Climate and terrain information: https://doi.org/10.4225/08/5afa9f7d1a552
• Surface water: http://dap.nci.org.au/thredds/remoteCatalogService?catalog=http://dapds00.nci.org.au/thredds/catalog/fk4/datacube/002/WOfS/WOfS_25_2_1/catalog.xml
Gridded data were processed to the spatial domain of the analysis in each case, and summaries derived from these in certain cases.

Species habitats:
Potential available habitat was derived from soon to be published data provided by Geoscience Australia. These are high resolution (25m pixel) classifications of land cover, based on the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) taxonomy. Resulting potential habitat was augmented in cases with data from the Australian National Aquatic Ecosystems wetlands classification.

Community level data
This community level datasets are based on a habitat-based approach to quantifying change in biodiversity over the Ecosystem Accounting Areas considered, linking spatially complete information on biodiversity patterns with habitat quality derived from remote-sensing (Harwood et al. 2021). A habitat-based assessment approach provides a fully scalable method for Environmental-Economic Accounting and overcomes gaps in space and time associated with on-ground biodiversity data.
Observations of both waterbirds and vascular plants were obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia. Diversity models were fitted to environmental gridded data derived from the same sources as those described for the species potential distributions. Estimates of biodiversity persistence based on the diversity models were obtained using CSIRO’s macroecological and biodiversity assessment capability: https://research.csiro.au/macroecologicalmodelling/bilbi/
Note that the models of waterbird species richness and plant persistence were derived at a ~90m pixel resolution, and were simply resampled to the higher (25m pixel) spatial resolution datasets provided in this collection. This additional processing was performed to align the waterbird species richness and plant persistence estimates with other datasets used in the associated project. In the case of both estimates, therefore, the 25m pixel values represent estimated species richness/plant persistence for the surrounding ~hectare, not the discrete 25m pixel.

References:
Harwood TD, Richards AE, Williams KJ, Mokany K, Schmidt RK, Ware C, Ferrier S and Prober SM (2021) Assessing condition of ecosystem types at Gunbower-Koondrook-Perricoota Forest Icon Site. A technical report for the Land and Ecosystem Accounts Project. CSIRO, Australia. https://doi.org/10.25919/a9b7-9y54.

Data time period: 2010-01-01 to 2015-01-01

This dataset is part of a larger collection

Click to explore relationships graph

152.48855,-24.58562 152.48855,-37.68208 138.56847,-37.68208 138.56847,-24.58562 152.48855,-24.58562

145.5285065,-31.133851

Identifiers