Data

AusTraits: a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora

The University of Western Australia
Falster, Daniel S. ; Gallagher, Rachael V. ; Wenk, Elizabeth ; Sauquet, Hervé ; Wright, Ian J ; Indiarto, Dony ; Andrew, Sam ; Baxter, Caitlan ; Lawson, James ; Allen, Stuart ; Fuchs, Anne ; Monro, Anna ; Kar, Fonti ; Adams, Mark A ; Ahrens, Collin W. ; Alfonzetti, Matthew ; Amini, Sophia ; Angevin, Tara ; Apgaua, Deborah M.G. ; Arndt, Stefan ; Ash, Julian ; Atkin, Owen K. ; Atkinson, Joe ; Auld, Tony D. ; Baker, Andrew ; Balthazar, Maria von ; Bean, Anthony ; Blackman, Chris J. ; Bloomfield, Keith J. ; Boreham, Tara ; Bowman, David M. J. S. ; Bradstock, Ross ; Bragg, Jason ; Brand, Willi A. ; Briggs, Amber ; Brock, John ; Brodribb, Timothy J. ; Buckton, Genevieve ; Burrows, Geoff ; Butler, Don ; Caldwell, Elizabeth ; Camac, James ; Carpenter, Raymond ; Catford, Jane A. ; Cawthray, Greg ; Cernusak, Lucas A. ; Chandler, Gregory ; Chapman, Alex R. ; Cheal, David ; Cheesman, Alexander W. ; Chen, Si-Chong ; Chinnock, Robert ; Choat, Brendan ; Clarke, Peter ; Clayton, Derek ; Clemants, Steven ; Clifford, Harold Trevor ; Clinton, Brook ; Clode, Peta L. ; Cochrane, Michelle ; Coleman, Helen ; Collins, Bronwyn ; Conti, Alessandro ; Cooper, Wendy ; Cooper, William ; Cornwell, William K. ; Cosgrove, Meredith ; Cowie, Ian ; Craven, Lyn ; Crisp, Michael ; Cross, Erika ; Crous, Kristine Y. ; Cunningham, Saul ; Curran, Timothy ; Curtis, Ellen ; Davidson, Ian ; Daws, Matthew I. ; de Salas, Miguel ; de Tombeur, Félix ; DeGabriel, Jane L. ; Denton, Matthew D. ; Dong, Ning ; Du, Pengzhen ; Duan, Honglang ; Duncan, David H. ; Duncan, Richard P. ; Duretto, Marco ; Dwyer, John M. ; Eamus, Derek ; Edwards, Cheryl ; Egan, Judy ; Esperon-Rodriguez, Manuel ; Evans, John R. ; Everingham, Susan E. ; Fahey, Chris ; Falster, Daniel ; Farrell, Claire ; Firn, Jennifer ; Fonseca, Carlos Roberto ; Forster, Paul Irwin ; Foster, John ; French, Ben J. ; French, Tony ; Frith, Allison ; Frood, Doug ; Funk, Jennifer L. ; Gallagher, Rachael ; Gardiner, Ronald ; Geange, Sonya R. ; Ghannoum, Oula ; Gill, Malcolm ; Gleason, Sean M. ; Goble-Garratt, Ethel ; Gosper, Carl R. ; Gray, Emma ; Groom, Philip K. ; Grootemaat, Saskia ; Gross, Caroline ; Grubb, Peter ; Guerin, Greg ; Guilherme Pereira, Caio ; Guinane, Chris ; Guja, Lydia ; Hahs, Amy K. ; Hall, TJ ; Hallet, Monique ; Harrison, Matthew Tom ; Haslehurst, Tammy ; Hassiotou, Foteini ; Hayes, Patrick E. ; Henery, Martin ; Herbohn, John ; Hochuli, Dieter F. ; Hocking, Peter ; Howell, Jocelyn ; Zhao, Jing Hua ; Huang, Guomin ; Hughes, Kate ; Hughes, Lesley ; Huisman, John ; Ilic, Jugoslav ; Islam, Muhammad ; Jagdish, Ashika ; Jin, Daniel ; Jordan, Gregory ; Jurado, Enrique ; Kanowski, John ; Kasel, Sabine ; Kealley, Ian ; Keighery, Gregory J. ; Kellermann, Jürgen ; Kenny, Belinda ; Kirkpatrick, James ; Knox, Kirsten ; Kohout, Michele ; Kooyman, Robert M. ; Kotowska, Martyna M. ; Kovac, Luka ; Kreger, Kaely ; Kuo, John ; Lai, Hao Ran ; Laliberté, Etienne ; Lambers, Hans ; Lambert, Martin ; Lamont, Byron B. ; Lanceman, Dana ; Lanfear, Robert ; Laughlin, Daniel C. ; Laugier-Kitchener, Bree-Anne ; Laurance, Susan ; Lawes, Michael ; Laws, Claire ; Lawson, James ; Laxton, Emma ; Lehmann, Caroline E. R. ; Leigh, Andrea ; Leishman, Michelle R. ; Lenz, Tanja ; Lepschi, Brendan ; Lewis, James D. ; Lim, Felix ; Lindsay, Liz ; Liu, Udayangani ; Londono, Daniel Montoya ; López Martinez, Andrea ; Lord, Janice ; Ludwig, Christiane ; Lunt, Ian ; Lusk, Christopher H. ; Maconochie, Mary ; Macinnis-Ng, Cate ; McPherson, Hannah ; Magallón, Susana ; Manea, Anthony ; Marais, Karen ; Maslin, Bruce ; Mason, Riah ; Mayfield, Margaret ; Mazanec, Richard ; McC Overton, Jacob ; McCarthy, James K. ; McFarlane, Elissa ; Meers, Trevor ; Metcalfe, Daniel ; Milberg, Per ; Mokany, Karel ; Moles, Angela T. ; Moore, Ben D. ; Moore, Nicholas ; Morgan, Huw ; Morgan, John W. ; Morris, William ; Muir, Annette ; Munroe, Samantha ; Myerscough, Peter ; Nelson, Des ; Neyland, Dominic ; Nicholson, Áine ; Nicolle, Dean ; Nicotra, Adrienne B. ; Niinemets, Ülo ; North, Tom ; O'Reilly-Nugent, Andrew ; O’Sullivan, Odhran S. ; Oberle, Brad ; Olsen, Mike ; Onoda, Yusuke ; Ooi, Mark K. J. ; Orscheg, Corinna ; Osborne, Colin P. ; Paczkowska, Grazyna ; Peeters, Paula ; Pekin, Burak ; Perry, George L.W. ; Phillips, Aaron ; Pickering, Catherine ; Pickup, Melinda ; Pollitt, Loren ; Pollock, Laura J. ; Polmear, Rob ; Poot, Pieter ; Possingham, Hugh P. ; Powell, Jeff R. ; Power, Sally A. ; Prentice, Iain Colin ; Price, Aina ; Prior, Lynda ; Prober, Suzanne ; Pyne, Thomas ; Read, Jennifer ; Reynolds, Victoria ; Rice, Barbara ; Richards, Anna E. ; Richardson, Ben ; Rigg, Jessica L. ; Roberts, Bryan ; Roderick, Michael L. ; Rosell, Julieta A. ; Rossetto, Maurizio ; Rye, Barbara L. ; Rymer, Paul D. ; Salomaa, Anna ; Sams, Michael A. ; Sanson, Gordon ; Sauquet, Hervé ; Schmidt, Susanne ; Schöenenberger, Jürg ; Schulze, Ernst Detlef ; Schulze, Inge ; Schulze, Waltraud X ; Scott, Andrew John ; Sendall, Kerrie ; Shapcott, Alison ; Shaw, Veronica ; Shoo, Luke ; Sinclair, Steve ; Sjostrom, Anne ; Smith, Benjamin ; Smith, Renee ; Soliveres, Santiago ; Soper, Fiona ; Sparrow, Ben ; Spooner, Amanda ; Standish, Rachel J. ; Staples, Timothy L. ; Stephens, Ruby ; Stewart, George ; Suda, Jan ; Szota, Christopher ; Tait, Catherine ; Taseski, Guy ; Tasker, Elizabeth ; Taylor, Daniel ; Thomas, Freya ; Thompson, Ian ; Tissue, David T. ; Tjoelker, Mark G. ; Tng, David Yue Phin ; Toelken, Hellmut R. ; Tomlinson, Kyle ; Trudgen, Malcolm ; Turner, Neil C. ; van der Merwe, Marlien ; van Langevelde, Frank ; Veneklaas, Erik J. ; Venn, Susanna ; Vesk, Peter ; Vlasveld, Carolyn ; Vorontsova, Maria S. ; Warren, Charles A. ; Warwick, Nigel ; Weerasinghe, Lasantha K. ; Wells, Jessie ; Westman, W. E. ; Westoby, Mark ; White, Matthew ; Williams, Erica ; Williams, Nicholas S. G. ; Williams, R. J. ; Willis, Kathryn ; Wills, Jarrah ; Wilson, J. Barstow ; Wilson, Peter G. ; Wright, Ian J. ; Yates, Colin ; Yen, Jian ; Zanne, Amy E. ; Zemunik, Graham ; Ziemińska, Kasia ; Nolan, Rachael ; Boer, Matthias M. ; Robinson, Alistair ; Welsh, Neville ; Messina, Andre ; Stajsic, Val ; Ohlsen, Daniel ; Klazenga, Niels ; Coleman, David ; Dun, Lily ; Yang, Sophie ; Barrett, Russell ; Lu-Irving, Patricia ; Sommerville, Karen D. ; Wenk, Elizabeth ; Falster, Daniel S.
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=info:doi10.5281/zenodo.8353840&rft.title=AusTraits: a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora&rft.identifier=10.5281/zenodo.8353840&rft.publisher=Zenodo&rft.description=AusTraits is a transformative database, containing measurements on the traits of Australia’s plant taxa, standardised from hundreds of disconnected primary sources. So far, data have been assembled from > 300 distinct sources, describing > 500 plant traits and > 34,000 taxa. To handle the harmonising of diverse data sources, we use a reproducible workflow to implement the various changes required for each source to reformat it suitable for incorporation in AusTraits. Such changes include restructuring datasets, renaming variables, changing variable units, changing taxon names. While this repository contains the harmonised data, the raw data and code used to build the resource are also available on the project’s GitHub repository, http://traitecoevo.github.io/austraits.build/. Further information on the project is available at the project website austraits.org and in the associated publication (see below). CONTRIBUTORS The project is jointly led by Dr Daniel Falster (UNSW Sydney), Dr Rachael Gallagher (Western Sydney University), Dr Elizabeth Wenk (UNSW Sydney), and Dr Hervé Sauquet (Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust Sydney), with input from > 300 contributors from over > 100 institutions (see full list above). The project was initiated by Dr Rachael Gallagher and Prof Ian Wright while at Macquarie University. We are grateful to the following institutions for contributing data Australian National Botanic Garden, Brisbane Rainforest Action and Information Network, Kew Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of NSW, Northern Territory Herbarium, Queensland Herbarium, Western Australian Herbarium, South Australian Herbarium, State Herbarium of South Australia, Tasmanian Herbarium, Department of Environment Land Water and Planning Victoria and the Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. AusTraits has been supported by investment from the Australian Research Data Commons (ARDC), via their “Transformative data collections” (https://doi.org/10.47486/TD044) and “Data Partnerships” (https://doi.org/10.47486/DP720) programs; and grants from the Australian Research Council (FT160100113, DE170100208, FT100100910) and Macquarie University, The ARDC is enabled by National Collaborative Research Investment Strategy (NCRIS). ACCESSING AND USE OF DATA The compiled AusTraits database is released under an open source licence (CC-BY), enabling re-use by the community. A requirement of use is that users cite the AusTraits resource paper, which includes all contributors as co-authors: Falster, Gallagher et al (2021) AusTraits, a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora. Scientific Data 8: 254, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-01006-6 In addition, we encourage users you to cite the original data sources, wherever possible. Note that under the license data may be redistributed, provided the attribution is maintained. The downloads below provide the data in two formats: austraits-4.2.0.zip: data in plain text format (.csv, .bib, .yml files). Suitable for anyone, including those using Python. austraits-4.2.0.rds: data as compressed R object. Suitable for users of R (see below). For R users, access and manipulation of data is assisted with the austraits R package. The package can both download data and provides examples and functions for running queries. STRUCTURE OF AUSTRAITS The compiled AusTraits database contains a series of relational tables and files. These elements include all the data, contextual information submitted with each contributed datasets, database schema, and trait definitions. The file dictionary.html provides the same information in textual format. Similar information is available at http://traitecoevo.github.io/austraits.build/. CONTRIBUTING We envision AusTraits as an on-going collaborative community resource that: Increases our collective understanding the Australian flora; Facilitates accumulation and sharing of trait data; Builds a sense of community among contributors and users; and Aspires to fully transparent and reproducible research of the highest standard. As a community resource, we are very keen for people to contribute. Assembly of the database is managed on GitHub at traitecoevo/austraits.build. Here are some of the ways you can contribute: Reporting Errors: If you notice a possible error in AusTraits, please post an issue on GitHub. Refining documentation: We welcome additions and edits that make using the existing data or adding new data easier for the community. Contributing new data: We gladly accept new data contributions to AusTraits. See full instructions on how to contribute at http://traitecoevo.github.io/austraits.build/.&rft.creator=Falster, Daniel S. &rft.creator=Gallagher, Rachael V. &rft.creator=Wenk, Elizabeth &rft.creator=Sauquet, Hervé &rft.creator=Wright, Ian J &rft.creator=Indiarto, Dony &rft.creator=Andrew, Sam &rft.creator=Baxter, Caitlan &rft.creator=Lawson, James &rft.creator=Allen, Stuart &rft.creator=Fuchs, Anne &rft.creator=Monro, Anna &rft.creator=Kar, Fonti &rft.creator=Adams, Mark A &rft.creator=Ahrens, Collin W. &rft.creator=Alfonzetti, Matthew &rft.creator=Amini, Sophia &rft.creator=Angevin, Tara &rft.creator=Apgaua, Deborah M.G. &rft.creator=Arndt, Stefan &rft.creator=Ash, Julian &rft.creator=Atkin, Owen K. &rft.creator=Atkinson, Joe &rft.creator=Auld, Tony D. &rft.creator=Baker, Andrew &rft.creator=Balthazar, Maria von &rft.creator=Bean, Anthony &rft.creator=Blackman, Chris J. &rft.creator=Bloomfield, Keith J. &rft.creator=Boreham, Tara &rft.creator=Bowman, David M. J. 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E. &rft.creator=Westoby, Mark &rft.creator=White, Matthew &rft.creator=Williams, Erica &rft.creator=Williams, Nicholas S. G. &rft.creator=Williams, R. J. &rft.creator=Willis, Kathryn &rft.creator=Wills, Jarrah &rft.creator=Wilson, J. Barstow &rft.creator=Wilson, Peter G. &rft.creator=Wright, Ian J. &rft.creator=Yates, Colin &rft.creator=Yen, Jian &rft.creator=Zanne, Amy E. &rft.creator=Zemunik, Graham &rft.creator=Ziemińska, Kasia &rft.creator=Nolan, Rachael &rft.creator=Boer, Matthias M. &rft.creator=Robinson, Alistair &rft.creator=Welsh, Neville &rft.creator=Messina, Andre &rft.creator=Stajsic, Val &rft.creator=Ohlsen, Daniel &rft.creator=Klazenga, Niels &rft.creator=Coleman, David &rft.creator=Dun, Lily &rft.creator=Yang, Sophie &rft.creator=Barrett, Russell &rft.creator=Lu-Irving, Patricia &rft.creator=Sommerville, Karen D. &rft.creator=Wenk, Elizabeth &rft.creator=Falster, Daniel S. &rft.date=2023&rft_subject=biodiversity&rft_subject=plant&rft_subject=trait&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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AusTraits is a transformative database, containing measurements on the traits of Australia’s plant taxa, standardised from hundreds of disconnected primary sources. So far, data have been assembled from > 300 distinct sources, describing > 500 plant traits and > 34,000 taxa. To handle the harmonising of diverse data sources, we use a reproducible workflow to implement the various changes required for each source to reformat it suitable for incorporation in AusTraits. Such changes include restructuring datasets, renaming variables, changing variable units, changing taxon names. While this repository contains the harmonised data, the raw data and code used to build the resource are also available on the project’s GitHub repository, http://traitecoevo.github.io/austraits.build/. Further information on the project is available at the project website austraits.org and in the associated publication (see below). CONTRIBUTORS The project is jointly led by Dr Daniel Falster (UNSW Sydney), Dr Rachael Gallagher (Western Sydney University), Dr Elizabeth Wenk (UNSW Sydney), and Dr Hervé Sauquet (Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust Sydney), with input from > 300 contributors from over > 100 institutions (see full list above). The project was initiated by Dr Rachael Gallagher and Prof Ian Wright while at Macquarie University. We are grateful to the following institutions for contributing data Australian National Botanic Garden, Brisbane Rainforest Action and Information Network, Kew Botanic Gardens, National Herbarium of NSW, Northern Territory Herbarium, Queensland Herbarium, Western Australian Herbarium, South Australian Herbarium, State Herbarium of South Australia, Tasmanian Herbarium, Department of Environment Land Water and Planning Victoria and the Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. AusTraits has been supported by investment from the Australian Research Data Commons (ARDC), via their “Transformative data collections” (https://doi.org/10.47486/TD044) and “Data Partnerships” (https://doi.org/10.47486/DP720) programs; and grants from the Australian Research Council (FT160100113, DE170100208, FT100100910) and Macquarie University, The ARDC is enabled by National Collaborative Research Investment Strategy (NCRIS). ACCESSING AND USE OF DATA The compiled AusTraits database is released under an open source licence (CC-BY), enabling re-use by the community. A requirement of use is that users cite the AusTraits resource paper, which includes all contributors as co-authors: Falster, Gallagher et al (2021) AusTraits, a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora. Scientific Data 8: 254, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-01006-6 In addition, we encourage users you to cite the original data sources, wherever possible. Note that under the license data may be redistributed, provided the attribution is maintained. The downloads below provide the data in two formats: austraits-4.2.0.zip: data in plain text format (.csv, .bib, .yml files). Suitable for anyone, including those using Python. austraits-4.2.0.rds: data as compressed R object. Suitable for users of R (see below). For R users, access and manipulation of data is assisted with the austraits R package. The package can both download data and provides examples and functions for running queries. STRUCTURE OF AUSTRAITS The compiled AusTraits database contains a series of relational tables and files. These elements include all the data, contextual information submitted with each contributed datasets, database schema, and trait definitions. The file dictionary.html provides the same information in textual format. Similar information is available at http://traitecoevo.github.io/austraits.build/. CONTRIBUTING We envision AusTraits as an on-going collaborative community resource that: Increases our collective understanding the Australian flora; Facilitates accumulation and sharing of trait data; Builds a sense of community among contributors and users; and Aspires to fully transparent and reproducible research of the highest standard. As a community resource, we are very keen for people to contribute. Assembly of the database is managed on GitHub at traitecoevo/austraits.build. Here are some of the ways you can contribute: Reporting Errors: If you notice a possible error in AusTraits, please post an issue on GitHub. Refining documentation: We welcome additions and edits that make using the existing data or adding new data easier for the community. Contributing new data: We gladly accept new data contributions to AusTraits. See full instructions on how to contribute at http://traitecoevo.github.io/austraits.build/.

Notes

External Organisations
University of New South Wales; Western Sydney University; Macquarie University; Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; Swinburne University of Technology; La Trobe University; University of Melbourne; Australian National University; Southern Cross University; University of Vienna; Queensland Herbarium; University of Tasmania; University of Wollongong; Australian Institute of Botanical Science; Charles Sturt University; Monash University (Australia); University of Adelaide; King's College London; Western Australian Herbarium; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; State Herbarium of South Australia; University of New England; Brooklyn Botanic Garden; Northern Territory Herbarium; Lincoln University; University of Technology Sydney; Tasmanian Herbarium; University of Liege; Lanzhou University; Guizhou University; University of Canberra; Melbourne Water; Queensland University of Technology; Pathways Bushland and Environment Consultancy; University of California; Curtin University; University of Cambridge; The University of Adelaide; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Murdoch University; Nanchang Institute of Technology; Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Mexico; Australian Wildlife Conservancy; NSW Rural Fire Service; University of Canterbury; University of Wyoming; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh; Fordham University; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; University of Otago; University of Waikato; University of Auckland; Estonian University of Life Sciences; New College of Florida; Kyoto University; University of Sheffield; Istanbul Technical University; Griffith University; Greening Australia; McGill University; Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute; University of Helsinki; Rider University; University of the Sunshine Coast; Czech Academy of Sciences; Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden; Wageningen University; Deakin University; University of Peradeniya; University of Miami; Université de Montpellier; Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria; Royal Botanic Garden Sydney; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation; Department of Primary Industries (New South Wales); The School of field studies; Department of Planning and Environment (New South Wales); Imperial College London; Australian National Botanic Gardens; Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; James Cook University (QLD); Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (Australia); Federation University Australia; University of Queensland; Alcoa of Australia Limited; Parks and Wildlife; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; University of Sydney; United States Department of Agriculture; Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions (Western Australia); Parks Australia; Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (Victoria); University of Göttingen; Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research; Cumberland Ecology; CSIRO - Land and Water; Linköping University; Currency Creek Arboretum; Leistershire County Council; University of Hohenheim; University of Bern
Associated Persons
Daniel S. Falster (Creator); Rachael V. Gallagher (Creator); Elizabeth Wenk (Creator); Hervé Sauquet (Creator); Ian J Wright (Contributor); Dony Indiarto (Contributor); Sam Andrew (Contributor); Caitlan Baxter (Contributor); James Lawson (Contributor); Stuart Allen (Contributor); Anne Fuchs (Contributor); Anna Monro (Contributor); Fonti Kar (Contributor); Mark A Adams (Contributor); Collin W. Ahrens (Contributor); Matthew Alfonzetti (Contributor); Sophia Amini (Contributor); Tara Angevin (Contributor); Deborah M.G. Apgaua (Contributor); Stefan Arndt (Contributor); Julian Ash (Contributor); Owen K. Atkin (Contributor); Joe Atkinson (Contributor); Tony D. Auld (Contributor); Andrew Baker (Contributor); Maria von Balthazar (Contributor); Anthony Bean (Contributor); Chris J. Blackman (Contributor); Keith J. Bloomfield (Contributor); Tara Boreham (Contributor); David M. J. S. Bowman (Contributor); Ross Bradstock (Contributor); Jason Bragg (Contributor); Willi A. Brand (Contributor); Amber Briggs (Contributor); John Brock (Contributor); Timothy J. Brodribb (Contributor); Genevieve Buckton (Contributor); Geoff Burrows (Contributor); Don Butler (Contributor); Elizabeth Caldwell (Contributor); James Camac (Contributor); Raymond Carpenter (Contributor); Jane A. Catford (Contributor); Lucas A. Cernusak (Contributor); Gregory Chandler (Contributor); Alex R. Chapman (Contributor); David Cheal (Contributor); Alexander W. Cheesman (Contributor); Si-Chong Chen (Contributor); Robert Chinnock (Contributor); Brendan Choat (Contributor); Peter Clarke (Contributor); Derek Clayton (Contributor); Steven Clemants (Contributor); Harold Trevor Clifford (Contributor); Brook Clinton (Contributor); Michelle Cochrane (Contributor); Helen Coleman (Contributor); Bronwyn Collins (Contributor); Alessandro Conti (Contributor); Wendy Cooper (Contributor); William Cooper (Contributor); William K. Cornwell (Contributor); Meredith Cosgrove (Contributor); Ian Cowie (Contributor); Lyn Craven (Contributor); Michael Crisp (Contributor); Erika Cross (Contributor); Kristine Y. Crous (Contributor); Saul Cunningham (Contributor); Timothy Curran (Contributor); Ellen Curtis (Contributor); Ian Davidson (Contributor); Matthew I. Daws (Contributor); Miguel de Salas (Contributor); Jane L. DeGabriel (Contributor); Matthew D. Denton (Contributor); Ning Dong (Contributor); Pengzhen Du (Contributor); Honglang Duan (Contributor); David H. Duncan (Contributor); Richard P. Duncan (Contributor); Marco Duretto (Contributor); John M. Dwyer (Contributor); Derek Eamus (Contributor); Cheryl Edwards (Contributor); Judy Egan (Contributor); Manuel Esperon-Rodriguez (Contributor); John R. Evans (Contributor); Susan E. Everingham (Contributor); Chris Fahey (Contributor); Daniel Falster (Contributor); Claire Farrell (Contributor); Jennifer Firn (Contributor); Carlos Roberto Fonseca (Contributor); Paul Irwin Forster (Contributor); John Foster (Contributor); Ben J. French (Contributor); Tony French (Contributor); Allison Frith (Contributor); Doug Frood (Contributor); Jennifer L. Funk (Contributor); Rachael Gallagher (Contributor); Ronald Gardiner (Contributor); Sonya R. Geange (Contributor); Oula Ghannoum (Contributor); Malcolm Gill (Contributor); Sean M. Gleason (Contributor); Ethel Goble-Garratt (Contributor); Carl R. Gosper (Contributor); Emma Gray (Contributor); Philip K. Groom (Contributor); Saskia Grootemaat (Contributor); Caroline Gross (Contributor); Peter Grubb (Contributor); Greg Guerin (Contributor); Caio Guilherme Pereira (Contributor); Chris Guinane (Contributor); Lydia Guja (Contributor); Amy K. Hahs (Contributor); TJ Hall (Contributor); Monique Hallet (Contributor); Matthew Tom Harrison (Contributor); Tammy Haslehurst (Contributor); Foteini Hassiotou (Contributor); Martin Henery (Contributor); John Herbohn (Contributor); Dieter F. Hochuli (Contributor); Peter Hocking (Contributor); Jocelyn Howell (Contributor); Jing Hua Zhao (Contributor); Guomin Huang (Contributor); Kate Hughes (Contributor); Lesley Hughes (Contributor); John Huisman (Contributor); Jugoslav Ilic (Contributor); Muhammad Islam (Contributor); Ashika Jagdish (Contributor); Daniel Jin (Contributor); Gregory Jordan (Contributor); Enrique Jurado (Contributor); John Kanowski (Contributor); Sabine Kasel (Contributor); Ian Kealley (Contributor); Gregory J. Keighery (Contributor); Jürgen Kellermann (Contributor); Belinda Kenny (Contributor); James Kirkpatrick (Contributor); Kirsten Knox (Contributor); Michele Kohout (Contributor); Robert M. Kooyman (Contributor); Martyna M. Kotowska (Contributor); Luka Kovac (Contributor); Kaely Kreger (Contributor); Hao Ran Lai (Contributor); Martin Lambert (Contributor); Byron B. Lamont (Contributor); Dana Lanceman (Contributor); Robert Lanfear (Contributor); Daniel C. Laughlin (Contributor); Bree-Anne Laugier-Kitchener (Contributor); Susan Laurance (Contributor); Michael Lawes (Contributor); Claire Laws (Contributor); James Lawson (Contributor); Emma Laxton (Contributor); Caroline E. R. Lehmann (Contributor); Andrea Leigh (Contributor); Michelle R. Leishman (Contributor); Tanja Lenz (Contributor); Brendan Lepschi (Contributor); James D. Lewis (Contributor); Felix Lim (Contributor); Liz Lindsay (Contributor); Udayangani Liu (Contributor); Daniel Montoya Londono (Contributor); Andrea López Martinez (Contributor); Janice Lord (Contributor); Christiane Ludwig (Contributor); Ian Lunt (Contributor); Christopher H. Lusk (Contributor); Mary Maconochie (Contributor); Cate Macinnis-Ng (Contributor); Hannah McPherson (Contributor); Susana Magallón (Contributor); Anthony Manea (Contributor); Karen Marais (Contributor); Bruce Maslin (Contributor); Riah Mason (Contributor); Richard Mazanec (Contributor); Jacob McC Overton (Contributor); James K. McCarthy (Contributor); Elissa McFarlane (Contributor); Trevor Meers (Contributor); Daniel Metcalfe (Contributor); Per Milberg (Contributor); Karel Mokany (Contributor); Angela T. Moles (Contributor); Ben D. Moore (Contributor); Nicholas Moore (Contributor); Huw Morgan (Contributor); John W. Morgan (Contributor); William Morris (Contributor); Annette Muir (Contributor); Samantha Munroe (Contributor); Peter Myerscough (Contributor); Des Nelson (Contributor); Dominic Neyland (Contributor); Áine Nicholson (Contributor); Dean Nicolle (Contributor); Adrienne B. Nicotra (Contributor); Ülo Niinemets (Contributor); Tom North (Contributor); Andrew O'Reilly-Nugent (Contributor); Odhran S. O’Sullivan (Contributor); Brad Oberle (Contributor); Mike Olsen (Contributor); Yusuke Onoda (Contributor); Mark K. J. Ooi (Contributor); Corinna Orscheg (Contributor); Colin P. Osborne (Contributor); Grazyna Paczkowska (Contributor); Paula Peeters (Contributor); Burak Pekin (Contributor); George L.W. Perry (Contributor); Aaron Phillips (Contributor); Catherine Pickering (Contributor); Melinda Pickup (Contributor); Loren Pollitt (Contributor); Laura J. Pollock (Contributor); Rob Polmear (Contributor); Hugh P. Possingham (Contributor); Jeff R. Powell (Contributor); Sally A. Power (Contributor); Iain Colin Prentice (Contributor); Aina Price (Contributor); Lynda Prior (Contributor); Thomas Pyne (Contributor); Jennifer Read (Contributor); Victoria Reynolds (Contributor); Barbara Rice (Contributor); Anna E. Richards (Contributor); Ben Richardson (Contributor); Jessica L. Rigg (Contributor); Bryan Roberts (Contributor); Michael L. Roderick (Contributor); Julieta A. Rosell (Contributor); Maurizio Rossetto (Contributor); Barbara L. Rye (Contributor); Paul D. Rymer (Contributor); Anna Salomaa (Contributor); Michael A. Sams (Contributor); Gordon Sanson (Contributor); Hervé Sauquet (Contributor); Susanne Schmidt (Contributor); Jürg Schöenenberger (Contributor); Ernst Detlef Schulze (Contributor); Inge Schulze (Contributor); Waltraud X Schulze (Contributor); Andrew John Scott (Contributor); Kerrie Sendall (Contributor); Alison Shapcott (Contributor); Veronica Shaw (Contributor); Luke Shoo (Contributor); Steve Sinclair (Contributor); Anne Sjostrom (Contributor); Benjamin Smith (Contributor); Renee Smith (Contributor); Santiago Soliveres (Contributor); Fiona Soper (Contributor); Ben Sparrow (Contributor); Amanda Spooner (Contributor); Rachel J. Standish (Contributor); Timothy L. Staples (Contributor); Ruby Stephens (Contributor); George Stewart (Contributor); Jan Suda (Contributor); Christopher Szota (Contributor); Catherine Tait (Contributor); Guy Taseski (Contributor); Elizabeth Tasker (Contributor); Daniel Taylor (Contributor); Freya Thomas (Contributor); Ian Thompson (Contributor); David T. Tissue (Contributor); Mark G. Tjoelker (Contributor); David Yue Phin Tng (Contributor); Hellmut R. Toelken (Contributor); Kyle Tomlinson (Contributor); Malcolm Trudgen (Contributor); Marlien van der Merwe (Contributor); Frank van Langevelde (Contributor); Susanna Venn (Contributor); Peter Vesk (Contributor); Carolyn Vlasveld (Contributor); Maria S. Vorontsova (Contributor); Charles A. Warren (Contributor); Nigel Warwick (Contributor); Lasantha K. Weerasinghe (Contributor); Jessie Wells (Contributor); W. E. Westman (Contributor); Mark Westoby (Contributor); Matthew White (Contributor); Erica Williams (Contributor); Nicholas S. G. Williams (Contributor); R. J. Williams (Contributor); Kathryn Willis (Contributor); Jarrah Wills (Contributor); J. Barstow Wilson (Contributor); Peter G. Wilson (Contributor); Ian J. Wright (Contributor); Colin Yates (Contributor); Jian Yen (Contributor); Amy E. Zanne (Contributor); Graham Zemunik (Contributor); Kasia Ziemińska (Contributor); Rachael Nolan (Contributor); Matthias M. Boer (Contributor); Alistair Robinson (Contributor); Neville Welsh (Contributor); Andre Messina (Contributor); Val Stajsic (Contributor); Daniel Ohlsen (Contributor); Niels Klazenga (Contributor); David Coleman (Contributor); Lily Dun (Contributor); Sophie Yang (Contributor); Russell Barrett (Contributor); Patricia Lu-Irving (Contributor); Karen D. Sommerville (Contributor); Elizabeth Wenk (Contributor); Daniel S. Falster (Contributor)

Issued: 2023-09-18

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