Data

Antarctic Ice Core Deglacial Water Isotope Composite Record on GICC05

Australian Antarctic Data Centre
PEDRO, JOEL ; VAN OMMEN, TAS
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=info:doi10.4225/15/5a56def997db9&rft.title=Antarctic Ice Core Deglacial Water Isotope Composite Record on GICC05&rft.identifier=10.4225/15/5a56def997db9&rft.publisher=Australian Antarctic Data Centre&rft.description=Precise information on the relative timing of north-south climate variations is a key to resolving questions concerning the mechanisms that force and couple climate changes between the hemispheres. We present a new composite record made from five well-resolved Antarctic ice core records that robustly represents the timing of regional Antarctic climate change during the last deglaciation. Using fast variations in global methane gas concentrations as time markers, the Antarctic composite is directly compared to Greenland ice core records, allowing a detailed mapping of the inter-hemispheric sequence of climate changes. Consistent with prior studies the synchronized records show that warming (and cooling) trends in Antarctica closely match cold (and warm) periods in Greenland on millennial timescales. For the first time, we also identify a sub-millennial component to the inter-hemispheric coupling. Within the Antarctic Cold Reversal the strongest Antarctic cooling occurs during the pronounced northern warmth of the Bolling. Warming then resumes in Antarctica, potentially as early as the Intra-Allerod Cold Period, but with dating uncertainty that could place it as late as the onset of the Younger Dryas stadial. There is little-to-no time lag between climate transitions in Greenland and opposing changes in Antarctica. Our results lend support to fast acting inter-hemispheric coupling mechanisms including recently proposed bipolar atmospheric teleconnections and/or rapid bipolar ocean teleconnections. The five cores used in the Antarctic deglacial water isotope composite are: Law Dome, Byrd, EPICA Dronning Maud Land (EDML), Siple Dome and Talos Dome. The data for each core is interpolated to 20 year time steps and standardised with respect to its own mean and standard deviation over the interval 9000 to 21000 years before 1950 AD (9-21 ka BP 1950). Estimated dating uncertainty in the composite (relative to GICC05) is +/- 220 y during the interval 10-13 ka BP, +/- 200 y during the interval 13-15 ka BP and +/- 380 y during the interval 15-18 ka BP. Refer to Pedro et al., (in press) (Table 2) and original references (below) for dating uncertainties in the individual cores. The locations and original references for the isotope data and transfers to the GICC05 timescale of the 5 Antarctic cores are as follows: Law Dome Location: 66 degrees 46'S 112 degrees 48'E Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Pedro et al., (in press) Reference for d18O data: 1. Pedro et al., (in press) 2. Morgan, V., Delmotte, M., van Ommen, T. D., Jouzel, J., Chappellaz, J., Woon, S., Masson-Delmotte,, V., and Raynaud, D.: Relative timing of deglacial climate events in Antarctica and Greenland, Science, 297, 1862-1864, 2002. Byrd Location: 80degrees 01'S 119 degrees 31'W Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Pedro et al., (in press) Reference for d18O data: Blunier, T., and Brook, E. J.: Timing of millennial-scale climate change in Antarctica and Greenland during the last glacial period, Science 291, 109-112, 2001. Siple Dome** Location: 81 degrees 40'S 148 degrees 49'W Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Pedro et al., (in press) Reference for dD data**: Brook, E. J., White, J. W. C., Schilla, A. S. M., Bender, M. L., Barnett, B. Severinghaus, J. P., Taylor, K. C., Alley, R. B., and Steig, E. J.: Timing of millennial-scale climate change at Siple Dome, West Antarctica, during the last glacial period, Quat. Sci. Rev., 24, 1333-1343, 2005. **Note: As d18O values for Siple Dome during the deglaciation were not available we used appropriately scaled dD i.e. (dD-10)/8 (on advice of James White and Edward Brook, pers. comm. March 2011). EDML Location: 75 degrees 00'S 00 degrees 04'E Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Lemieux-Dudon, B., Blayo, E., Petit, J. -R., Waelbroeck, C., Svensson, A, Ritz, C., Barnola, J. -M., Narcisi, B. M., and Parrenin F.: Consistent dating for Antarctic and Greenland ice cores, Quat. Sci. Rev., 29, 8-20, 2010. Reference for d18O data: EPICA community members: One-to-one coupling of glacial climate variability in Greenland and Antarctica, Nature, 444, 195-198, 2006. Talos Dome Location: 72 degrees 49'S 159 degrees 11'E Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Buiron, D., Chappellaz, J., Stenni, B., Frezzotti, M., Baumgartner, M.,Capron, E., Landais, A., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Masson-Delmotte, V., Montagnat, M., Parrenin, F., and Schilt, A.: TALDICE-1 age scale of the Talos Dome deep ice core, East Antarctica, Clim. Past, 7, 1--16, doi:10.5194/cp-7-1-2011,2011. Reference for d18O data: Stenni, B., Buiron, D., Frezzotti, M., Albani, S., Barbante, C., Bard, E., Barnola, J. M., Baroni, M., Baumgartner, M., Bonazza, M., Capron, E., Castellano, E., Chappellaz, J., Delmonte, B., Falourd, S., Genoni, L., Iacumin, P., Jouzel, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Landais, A., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Maggi, V., Masson-Delmotte, V., Mazzola, C., Minster, B., Montagnat, M., Mulvaney, R., Narcisi, B., Oerter, H., Parrenin, F., Petit, J. R., Ritz, C., Scarchilli, C., Schilt, A., Schupbach, S., Schwander, J., Selmo, E., Severi, M., Stocker, T. F., and Udisti, R.: Expression of the bipolar see-saw in Antarctic climate records during the last deglaciation, Nature Geoscience, 4, 46-49, doi:10.1038/ngeo1026, 2011. This work was done as part of AAS 757.&rft.creator=PEDRO, JOEL &rft.creator=VAN OMMEN, TAS &rft.date=2011&rft.coverage=northlimit=-66.77; southlimit=-66.77; westlimit=112.8; eastLimit=112.8; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-66.77; southlimit=-66.77; westlimit=112.8; eastLimit=112.8; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-80.02; southlimit=-80.02; westlimit=-119.52; eastLimit=-119.52; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-80.02; southlimit=-80.02; westlimit=-119.52; eastLimit=-119.52; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-81.67; southlimit=-81.67; westlimit=-148.82; eastLimit=-148.82; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-81.67; southlimit=-81.67; westlimit=-148.82; eastLimit=-148.82; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-75.0; southlimit=-75.0; westlimit=0.07; eastLimit=0.07; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-75.0; southlimit=-75.0; westlimit=0.07; eastLimit=0.07; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-72.82; southlimit=-72.82; westlimit=159.18; eastLimit=159.18; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-72.82; southlimit=-72.82; westlimit=159.18; eastLimit=159.18; projection=WGS84&rft_rights=This data set conforms to the CCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=deglacial_water_isotope_composite_gicc05 when using these data.&rft_subject=climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere&rft_subject=ISOTOPES&rft_subject=EARTH SCIENCE&rft_subject=PALEOCLIMATE&rft_subject=ICE CORE RECORDS&rft_subject=Law Dome on GCCI05&rft_subject=Byrd on GCCI05&rft_subject=Siple Dome on GCCI05&rft_subject=deglaciation&rft_subject=water stable isotopes&rft_subject=antarctic composite&rft_subject=Paleo Start Date 8000 ybp&rft_subject=Paleo Stop Date 32000 ybp&rft_subject=PHANEROZOIC > CENOZOIC > QUATERNARY > PLEISTOCENE&rft_subject=CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAW DOME&rft_subject=CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA&rft_subject=GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR&rft_place=Hobart&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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This data set conforms to the CCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=deglacial_water_isotope_composite_gicc05 when using these data.

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Brief description

Precise information on the relative timing of north-south climate variations is a key to resolving questions concerning the mechanisms that force and couple climate changes between the hemispheres. We present a new composite record made from five well-resolved Antarctic ice core records that robustly represents the timing of regional Antarctic climate change during the last deglaciation. Using fast variations in global methane gas concentrations as time markers, the Antarctic composite is directly compared to Greenland ice core records, allowing a detailed mapping of the inter-hemispheric sequence of climate changes. Consistent with prior studies the synchronized records show that warming (and cooling) trends in Antarctica closely match cold (and warm) periods in Greenland on millennial timescales. For the first time, we also identify a sub-millennial component to the inter-hemispheric coupling. Within the Antarctic Cold Reversal the strongest Antarctic cooling occurs during the pronounced northern warmth of the Bolling. Warming then resumes in Antarctica, potentially as early as the Intra-Allerod Cold Period, but with dating uncertainty that could place it as late as the onset of the Younger Dryas stadial. There is little-to-no time lag between climate transitions in Greenland and opposing changes in Antarctica. Our results lend support to fast acting inter-hemispheric coupling mechanisms including recently proposed bipolar atmospheric teleconnections and/or rapid bipolar ocean teleconnections.

The five cores used in the Antarctic deglacial water isotope composite are: Law Dome, Byrd, EPICA Dronning Maud Land (EDML), Siple Dome and Talos Dome. The data for each core is interpolated to 20 year time steps and standardised with respect to its own mean and standard deviation over the interval 9000 to 21000 years before 1950 AD (9-21 ka BP 1950). Estimated dating uncertainty in the composite (relative to GICC05) is +/- 220 y during the interval 10-13 ka BP, +/- 200 y during the interval 13-15 ka BP and +/- 380 y during the interval 15-18 ka BP. Refer to Pedro et al., (in press) (Table 2) and original references (below) for dating uncertainties in the individual cores.

The locations and original references for the isotope data and transfers to the GICC05 timescale of the 5 Antarctic cores are as follows:

Law Dome
Location: 66 degrees 46'S 112 degrees 48'E Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Pedro et al., (in press) Reference for d18O data:
1. Pedro et al., (in press)
2. Morgan, V., Delmotte, M., van Ommen, T. D., Jouzel, J., Chappellaz, J., Woon, S., Masson-Delmotte,, V., and Raynaud, D.: Relative timing of deglacial climate events in Antarctica and Greenland, Science, 297, 1862-1864, 2002.

Byrd
Location: 80degrees 01'S 119 degrees 31'W Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Pedro et al., (in press) Reference for d18O data: Blunier, T., and Brook, E. J.: Timing of millennial-scale climate change in Antarctica and Greenland during the last glacial period, Science 291, 109-112, 2001.

Siple Dome**
Location: 81 degrees 40'S 148 degrees 49'W Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Pedro et al., (in press) Reference for dD data**: Brook, E. J., White, J. W. C., Schilla, A. S. M., Bender, M. L., Barnett, B. Severinghaus, J. P., Taylor, K. C., Alley, R. B., and Steig, E. J.: Timing of millennial-scale climate change at Siple Dome, West Antarctica, during the last glacial period, Quat. Sci. Rev., 24, 1333-1343, 2005.
**Note: As d18O values for Siple Dome during the deglaciation were not available we used appropriately scaled dD i.e. (dD-10)/8 (on advice of James White and Edward Brook, pers. comm. March 2011).

EDML
Location: 75 degrees 00'S 00 degrees 04'E Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Lemieux-Dudon, B., Blayo, E., Petit, J. -R., Waelbroeck, C., Svensson, A, Ritz, C., Barnola, J. -M., Narcisi, B. M., and Parrenin F.: Consistent dating for Antarctic and Greenland ice cores, Quat. Sci. Rev., 29, 8-20, 2010.
Reference for d18O data: EPICA community members: One-to-one coupling of glacial climate variability in Greenland and Antarctica, Nature, 444, 195-198, 2006.

Talos Dome
Location: 72 degrees 49'S 159 degrees 11'E Reference for transfer to GICC05 timescale: Buiron, D., Chappellaz, J., Stenni, B., Frezzotti, M., Baumgartner, M.,Capron, E., Landais, A., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Masson-Delmotte, V., Montagnat, M., Parrenin, F., and Schilt, A.: TALDICE-1 age scale of the Talos Dome deep ice core, East Antarctica, Clim. Past, 7, 1--16, doi:10.5194/cp-7-1-2011,2011.

Reference for d18O data: Stenni, B., Buiron, D., Frezzotti, M., Albani, S., Barbante, C., Bard, E., Barnola, J. M., Baroni, M., Baumgartner, M., Bonazza, M., Capron, E., Castellano, E., Chappellaz, J., Delmonte, B., Falourd, S., Genoni, L., Iacumin, P., Jouzel, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Landais, A., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Maggi, V., Masson-Delmotte, V., Mazzola, C., Minster, B., Montagnat, M., Mulvaney, R., Narcisi, B., Oerter, H., Parrenin, F., Petit, J. R., Ritz, C., Scarchilli, C., Schilt, A., Schupbach, S., Schwander, J., Selmo, E., Severi, M., Stocker, T. F., and Udisti, R.: Expression of the bipolar see-saw in Antarctic climate records during the last deglaciation, Nature Geoscience, 4, 46-49, doi:10.1038/ngeo1026, 2011.

This work was done as part of AAS 757.

Issued: 2011-06-08

Data time period: 1994-07-01

This dataset is part of a larger collection

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112.8,-66.77

112.8,-66.77

-119.52,-80.02

-119.52,-80.02

-148.82,-81.67

-148.82,-81.67

0.07,-75

0.07,-75

159.18,-72.82

159.18,-72.82

text: northlimit=-66.77; southlimit=-66.77; westlimit=112.8; eastLimit=112.8; projection=WGS84

text: northlimit=-80.02; southlimit=-80.02; westlimit=-119.52; eastLimit=-119.52; projection=WGS84

text: northlimit=-81.67; southlimit=-81.67; westlimit=-148.82; eastLimit=-148.82; projection=WGS84

text: northlimit=-75.0; southlimit=-75.0; westlimit=0.07; eastLimit=0.07; projection=WGS84

text: northlimit=-72.82; southlimit=-72.82; westlimit=159.18; eastLimit=159.18; projection=WGS84

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