Data

2021 State of the Environment Report Marine Chapter – Expert Assessment – State and Trend – Mesopelagic fish species

Australian Ocean Data Network
Kloser, Rudy ; Kunnath, Haris
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=DOI: 10.26198/q7mp-gx77&rft.title=2021 State of the Environment Report Marine Chapter – Expert Assessment – State and Trend – Mesopelagic fish species&rft.identifier=DOI: 10.26198/q7mp-gx77&rft.publisher=Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment (DAWE)&rft.description=The Marine chapter of the 2021 State of the Environment (SoE) report incorporates multiple expert templates developed from streams of marine data. This metadata record describes the Expert Assessment State and Trend of mesopelagic fish species. ***A PDF of the full Expert Assessment, including figures and tables (where provided) is downloadable in the On-line Resources section of this record as EXPERT ASSESSMENT 2021 - Mesopelagic fish species*** ---------------------------------------- DESCRIPTION OF HABITAT/COMMUNITY/PROCESS FOR EXPERT ASSESSMENT Mesopelagic fish species (200 to 1000 m depth) occur throughout the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) region where the seabed depth exceeds 200 m (Flynn and Kloser, 2012; Flynn et al., 2018; Sutton et al., 2018). Mesopelagic fishes reside at depth during the day and a portion migrate to shallower waters to feed at night, revealing diel vertical migration in the sound scattering layer (Figure 1a; Brierley 2014). Ecosystem and carbon models associated with observational studies of mesopelagic fishes highlight their importance to ecosystem services and carbon sequestration role (Fulton et al., 2005; Lehodey et al., 2010; Boyd et al., 2019). This is particularly important for Australia’s continental slope commercial species and other top predators for ecosystem-based management (Smith et al., 2011). The importance of mesopelagic fishes to ecosystem services is recognized yet their biomass and trophic efficiency are uncertain with net and acoustic estimates differing by 2 orders of magnitude in Tasman Sea Australian waters (Kloser et al., 2009; Irigoien et al., 2014). This difference is due to different sampling gear and methods used to interpret the data. DATA STREAM(S) USED IN EXPERT ASSESSMENT The primary data used are the georeferenced, calibrated, and processed single-beam water column volume backscattering coefficient values, representing the linear sum of backscatter from acoustically detectable individual organisms within the sampling volume. The spatial coverage of data used for assessing the state of mesopelagic biogeography is 75oS-45oN and 20oW-330oW with a temporal coverage 2004-2018. The spatial coverage of data used for assessing trends in selected regions is 35oS-50oS and 180oW-220oW with a temporal coverage 2004-2018. ---------------------------------------- 2021 SOE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY [see attached Expert Assessment for full details] • 2021 • Assessment grade: Very good Assessment trend: Improving Confidence grade: Limited Confidence trend: Somewhat adequate Comparability: Grade and trend are comparable to the 2016 assessment • 2016 • Assessment grade: Very good Assessment trend: Stable Confidence grade: Limited evidence or limited consensus Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus Comparability: Grade and trend are comparable to the 2011 assessment • 2011 • Assessment grade: Very good Assessment trend: Stable Confidence grade: Limited evidence or limited consensus Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus ---------------------------------------- CHANGES SINCE 2016 SOE ASSESSMENT The extent of processed bioacoustic data archived under IMOS Bioacoustics sub-Facility is expanding with an improved spatial and temporal coverage, facilitating future state and trend analyses.QUALITY OF DATA USED IN THE ASSESSMENT Active bioacoustic data are calibrated and quality-controlled with a resolution of 1 km in distance and 10 m in depth. An overview of IMOS Bioacoustics sub-Facility operations to collect and publish bioacoustic data with related metadata is provided in Haris et al. (2020).&rft.creator=Kloser, Rudy &rft.creator=Kunnath, Haris &rft.date=2021&rft.coverage=northlimit=-7.207031249999999; southlimit=-47.4609375; westlimit=102.65625000000001; eastLimit=162.421875&rft.coverage=northlimit=-7.207031249999999; southlimit=-47.4609375; westlimit=102.65625000000001; eastLimit=162.421875&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0&rft_subject=biota&rft_subject=oceans&rft_subject=mesopelagic fish&rft_subject=community structure&rft_subject=expert assessment&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Brief description

The Marine chapter of the 2021 State of the Environment (SoE) report incorporates multiple expert templates developed from streams of marine data. This metadata record describes the Expert Assessment "State and Trend of mesopelagic fish species".
***A PDF of the full Expert Assessment, including figures and tables (where provided) is downloadable in the "On-line Resources" section of this record as "EXPERT ASSESSMENT 2021 - Mesopelagic fish species"***

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DESCRIPTION OF HABITAT/COMMUNITY/PROCESS FOR EXPERT ASSESSMENT
Mesopelagic fish species (200 to 1000 m depth) occur throughout the Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) region where the seabed depth exceeds 200 m (Flynn and Kloser, 2012; Flynn et al., 2018; Sutton et al., 2018). Mesopelagic fishes reside at depth during the day and a portion migrate to shallower waters to feed at night, revealing diel vertical migration in the sound scattering layer (Figure 1a; Brierley 2014). Ecosystem and carbon models associated with observational studies of mesopelagic fishes highlight their importance to ecosystem services and carbon sequestration role (Fulton et al., 2005; Lehodey et al., 2010; Boyd et al., 2019). This is particularly important for Australia’s continental slope commercial species and other top predators for ecosystem-based management (Smith et al., 2011). The importance of mesopelagic fishes to ecosystem services is recognized yet their biomass and trophic efficiency are uncertain with net and acoustic estimates differing by 2 orders of magnitude in Tasman Sea Australian waters (Kloser et al., 2009; Irigoien et al., 2014). This difference is due to different sampling gear and methods used to interpret the data.

DATA STREAM(S) USED IN EXPERT ASSESSMENT
The primary data used are the georeferenced, calibrated, and processed single-beam water column volume backscattering coefficient values, representing the linear sum of backscatter from acoustically detectable individual organisms within the sampling volume. The spatial coverage of data used for assessing the state of mesopelagic biogeography is 75oS-45oN and 20oW-330oW with a temporal coverage 2004-2018. The spatial coverage of data used for assessing trends in selected regions is 35oS-50oS and 180oW-220oW with a temporal coverage 2004-2018.

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2021 SOE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY [see attached Expert Assessment for full details]

• 2021 •
Assessment grade: Very good
Assessment trend: Improving
Confidence grade: Limited
Confidence trend: Somewhat adequate
Comparability: Grade and trend are comparable to the 2016 assessment
• 2016 •
Assessment grade: Very good
Assessment trend: Stable
Confidence grade: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Comparability: Grade and trend are comparable to the 2011 assessment
• 2011 •
Assessment grade: Very good
Assessment trend: Stable
Confidence grade: Limited evidence or limited consensus
Confidence trend: Limited evidence or limited consensus

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CHANGES SINCE 2016 SOE ASSESSMENT
The extent of processed bioacoustic data archived under IMOS Bioacoustics sub-Facility is expanding with an improved spatial and temporal coverage, facilitating future state and trend analyses.

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QUALITY OF DATA USED IN THE ASSESSMENT
Active bioacoustic data are calibrated and quality-controlled with a resolution of 1 km in distance and 10 m in depth. An overview of IMOS Bioacoustics sub-Facility operations to collect and publish bioacoustic data with related metadata is provided in Haris et al. (2020).

Notes

Credit
Peer reviews of this assessment were provided by: Rowan Trebilco (CSIRO)

Created: 03 02 2021

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162.42188,-7.20703 162.42188,-47.46094 102.65625,-47.46094 102.65625,-7.20703 162.42188,-7.20703

132.5390625,-27.333984375

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Other Information
EXPERT ASSESSMENT 2021 - Mesopelagic fish species [direct download] (SoE_2021_MARINE_State_and_Trend__mesopelagic_fish_species.pdf)

uri : https://catalogue.aodn.org.au:443/geonetwork/srv/api/records/bf4c179e-e38f-4af9-8343-fad9c215449b/attachments/SoE_2021_MARINE_State_and_Trend__mesopelagic_fish_species.pdf

(State of the Environment (SoE) reporting webpage)

uri : https://www.environment.gov.au/science/soe

Identifiers