Data

Modification of the type of dietary fat at an Antarctic station: impact on cardiovascular risk factors

Australian Antarctic Data Centre
AYTON, JEFF
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ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=https://data.aad.gov.au/metadata/records/AADC-00086&rft.title=Modification of the type of dietary fat at an Antarctic station: impact on cardiovascular risk factors&rft.identifier=https://data.aad.gov.au/metadata/records/AADC-00086&rft.publisher=Australian Antarctic Data Centre&rft.description=This dataset is a record of a nutrition project held on Davis station during the year 1989. The abstract of the report is as follows. Many countries have drawn up dietary guidelines for their populations in an attempt to decrease the premature mortality and morbidity associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). One of the consistent recommendations has been the partial substitution of saturated fatty acids (SFA) by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). More recently, as a shadow has been cast over the long-term safety of high PUFA intakes, epidemiological and intervention studies have suggested that monosaturated fatty acids (MUFA), especially oleic acid, enrichment of the diet might not only improve plasma lipid and lipoprotein profiles as effectively as the PUFA, but may have other advantages including anti-thrombotic activity and anti-oxidation properties. The principle aims of this nutrition project were to examine the effectiveness of dietary goals in practice and to compare MUFA and PUFA in terms of improvement of lipid and lipoprotein profiles and dietary acceptance. This project was undertaken at Davis station, Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica. Thirty expeditioners, all members of the Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition's (ANARE) 1989 wintering expedition, acted as subjects in the study. The subjects were all fit and healthy men and women on no medication. The fields in this dataset include: Cholesterol Energy Fat Protein Carbohydrate Alcohol SFA MUFA PUFA Change in TC level Change in LDL-C level Date Dietary Period Nutrient Post Dietary Period Analysis Control Stations Mean station Levels + SEM (mmol/L) HDL-C+SEM LDL-C+SEM LDL-C / HDLC Mean Triglyceride Levels Mean Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Fatty Acid Class (Mean % of total) Week Weight Skinfold Waist/hip Ratio Blood Pressure&rft.creator=AYTON, JEFF &rft.date=2003&rft.coverage=northlimit=-66.0; southlimit=-66.0; westlimit=110.0; eastLimit=110.0; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-66.0; southlimit=-66.0; westlimit=110.0; eastLimit=110.0; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-68.0; southlimit=-68.0; westlimit=72.0; eastLimit=72.0; projection=WGS84&rft.coverage=northlimit=-68.0; southlimit=-68.0; westlimit=72.0; eastLimit=72.0; projection=WGS84&rft_rights=This data set conforms to the CCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=AADC-00086 when using these data.&rft_subject=health&rft_subject=ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH FACTORS&rft_subject=EARTH SCIENCE&rft_subject=HUMAN DIMENSIONS&rft_subject=PUBLIC HEALTH&rft_subject=MORBIDITY&rft_subject=ALCOHOL&rft_subject=BLOOD PRESSURE&rft_subject=CARBOHYDRATE&rft_subject=CHOLESTEROL&rft_subject=DATE&rft_subject=DIETARY FAT&rft_subject=DIETARY PERIOD&rft_subject=ENERGY&rft_subject=FAT PROTEIN&rft_subject=FATTY ACIDS&rft_subject=FOLIC ACID&rft_subject=GAMMA-GLUTAMY TRANSFERASE&rft_subject=LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL&rft_subject=NUTRIENT&rft_subject=SERUM TOTAL CHOLESTEROL&rft_subject=SHINFOLD&rft_subject=TRIGLYCERIDES&rft_subject=VITAMINS B12&rft_subject=WAIST/HIP RATIO&rft_subject=WEEK&rft_subject=WEIGHT&rft_subject=FIELD SURVEYS&rft_subject=CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA&rft_subject=GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR&rft_place=Hobart&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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This data set conforms to the CCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=AADC-00086 when using these data.

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Brief description

This dataset is a record of a nutrition project held on Davis station during the year 1989. The abstract of the report is as follows.

Many countries have drawn up dietary guidelines for their populations in an attempt to decrease the premature mortality and morbidity associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). One of the consistent recommendations has been the partial substitution of saturated fatty acids (SFA) by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). More recently, as a shadow has been cast over the long-term safety of high PUFA intakes, epidemiological and intervention studies have suggested that monosaturated fatty acids (MUFA), especially oleic acid, enrichment of the diet might not only improve plasma lipid and lipoprotein profiles as effectively as the PUFA, but may have other advantages including anti-thrombotic activity and anti-oxidation properties.

The principle aims of this nutrition project were to examine the effectiveness of dietary goals in practice and to compare MUFA and PUFA in terms of improvement of lipid and lipoprotein profiles and dietary acceptance. This project was undertaken at Davis station, Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica. Thirty expeditioners, all members of the Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition's (ANARE) 1989 wintering expedition, acted as subjects in the study. The subjects were all fit and healthy men and women on no medication.

The fields in this dataset include:
Cholesterol
Energy
Fat Protein
Carbohydrate
Alcohol
SFA
MUFA
PUFA
Change in TC level
Change in LDL-C level
Date
Dietary Period
Nutrient
Post Dietary Period Analysis
Control Stations
Mean station Levels + SEM (mmol/L)
HDL-C+SEM
LDL-C+SEM
LDL-C / HDLC
Mean Triglyceride Levels
Mean Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase
Fatty Acid Class (Mean % of total)
Week
Weight
Skinfold
Waist/hip Ratio
Blood Pressure

Issued: 2003-03-21

Data time period: 1989-01-09 to 1989-12-11

Click to explore relationships graph

110,-66

110,-66

72,-68

72,-68

text: northlimit=-66.0; southlimit=-66.0; westlimit=110.0; eastLimit=110.0; projection=WGS84

text: northlimit=-68.0; southlimit=-68.0; westlimit=72.0; eastLimit=72.0; projection=WGS84

Identifiers